I-parrot: Izimpawu, izinhlobo, ukuziphatha, ukunakekelwa nokunye.

Kulesi sihloko uzokwazi lonke ulwazi mayelana ne-parrot, njengenyoni engcono kakhulu yezilwane ezifuywayo, izici zayo, ukuziphatha nokunye okuningi mayelana nezinhlobo ezihlanganisa zonke Izinyoni, kulula ukuphatha nokunakekela noma ubani ofuna ukuba nesilwane esifuywayo esimnandi nesingenabungozi.

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Ukuqala, kufanele kwaziwe ukuthi opholi bakha uhlobo lwe-psasiformes, futhi lezi zihlukaniswe imindeni eyishumi nambili (12), nokho-ke ezinye izazi ziqaphela umndeni onemindeni emincane embalwa, igama le-parrot livame ukubizwa ngokuthi izinyoni ezinemibala egqamile nombala omkhulu. . Ihlanganisa cishe izinhlobo ezingamakhulu amathathu namashumi amane (340) zezinyoni, okungabizwa ngazo ama-parakeet, ama-macaw, ama-cockatoos, phakathi kwezinye.

incazelo yopholi

Isici esiyinhloko salo lonke uhlobo lwe-parrot uqhwaku lwayo oluphinyiselwe futhi oluqinile, lune-curvature ephakeme futhi emifushane, uma kuqhathaniswa nenyoni edla inyama, inakho lokho okubizwa ngokuthi i-waxy, etholakala esisekelweni esiphezulu , itholakala. lapho kuhlanganise namakhala, njengazo zonke izinhlobo umhlathi ongenhla umise okwehhuku, uphawuleka ngemifantu evundlile, anomsebenzi omangalisayo wokwenza kube lula ukunqwabelana kwembewu, nokuvikela umphetho womhlathi ongezansi.

Inolimi olumbozwe i-fibrous papillae, efana nesixubho, inomzimba futhi iwugqinsi, okuyenza ikwazi ukukhotha kalula uketshezi lwezihlahla kanye namajusi ezithelo, impova yezimbali nompe. Le ngxenye yomzimba kapholi inyakaza ngokwedlulele, njengoba uqhwaku lwawo olugobile, oluqinile, olufana nehhuku lusetshenziselwa ukukhuphuka, ukubamba nokuluma noma iyiphi into eyifunayo.

Imilenze yakhiwe iminwe emine (4), isesimweni se-zygodactyl, okusho ukuthi iminwe emibili, owokuqala nowesine uqondiswe phambili bese kuthi emibili esele, owesibili nowesithathu ihlehle, ixakeke ukuhamba Phezulu. izindawo ezibushelelezi, nokho, zikhuphuka ngokulinganayo, zisebenzisa imilenze yazo noqhwaku njengehhuku lokukhuphuka phakathi kwamagatsha, i-tarsus iqinile futhi imfushane, lesi sitho sibalulekile kunoma iyiphi into esifuna ukuyithatha.

Opholi abaningi bakhuliswa ngamakoloni, ikakhulukazi abashadile, bakha izidleke ezizimele ngokuphelele, phakathi kwezinye izinhlobo bakhuliswa phansi, ezinye zezinhlobo ezifana nendela, i-Quaker parakeet yakha izidleke ezizimele zodwa, kuyilapho opholi bezwe ngokuvamile benza imigodi. emadwaleni, ezihlahleni, eziqwini, noma phansi, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi wonke amaqanda alezi zinyoni amhlophe.

Ngemva kokuqomisana okuthatha imizuzwana embalwa, isikhathi sokumitha sithatha amasonto ambalwa, futhi isikhathi sokufukamela sithatha izinsuku ezingamashumi amabili nanhlanu (25) kuphela, cishe, insikazi ikwazi ukukhiqiza amaqanda amane (4) kuya ku (5) kuphela. Ngemva kokuchanyuselwa, zinakekelwa abazali bazo izinyanga ezimbili (2) zokuqala zokuphila.

Ngokuqondene nezwi lakhe, liyi-screech enamandla, izinyoni ezinobukhulu obukhulu nesilinganiso zikhipha imisindo evala izindlebe, ecasulayo kwabanye abantu, nokho lezi zinhlobo zinekhwalithi yokukwazi ukuphinda noma ukulingisa amagama abantu, ukuwafundisa enkosini yabo, futhi. njengoba Beza ukuzophinda umsindo wempempe eculweni noma emculweni, baze bakhiphe imisho ephelele belandela imiyalelo noma lapho bebuzwa, bethola ulwazimagama olubanzi.

Ezinyonini ezincane, ungezwa imisindo ephansi futhi emnandi kakhulu, kungenzeka ngisho nokuzwa ingxoxo ethambile yothando evela kuzo.

Okubalulekile ukugqamisa ukuthi opholi abakwazi ukuqonda incazelo noma inhloso yemisho ephindaphindwayo, noma kunjalo kubonakala sengathi bayakwazi lokhu, njengoba izinga labo lokucabanga nokuqonda liyize ngokuphelele, njengokusungula ingxoxo. nabo futhi laba bazophendula ngokufanele kulokho abakufundile, akunjalo ngempela, okuchazwayo ukuthi lolu hlobo lwenyoni olumangalisayo lunekhono lokubuka futhi lubuye luhlanganise lapho luvezwa isimo esithile, lwenza ngokusho kwayo.

Uqhwaku lwayo lugobile, luqinile futhi luxhumekile. Ngokuqondene namaphiko alo, mafushane, kanti umsila wawo mude.

Ukubekwa ngezinhlobo noma izinhlobo zopholi

Ukuze uqonde kangcono izindawo zokusabalalisa, lapho ama-parrots atholakala ngokwezinhlobo zawo, izinhlobo nendawo yazo zizoqanjwa, lokhu ngenxa yesimo sezulu sezwe ngalinye, lokhu kuyisisekelo ekusindeni kohlobo ngalunye lwe-parrot; ngakho-ke kufanele:

  • Esigodini sase-Amazon e-Australia, eMelika Ephakathi naseNew Guinea, ama-parrots anezinhlobonhlobo zezinhlobo eziningi kakhulu atholakala.
  • Zimbalwa kakhulu izinhlobo zopholi ezihlala enkabeni ye-Asia nase-Afrika.
  • E-Latin America, ikakhulukazi e-Chile, kunezinhlobo ezifanele kakhulu ezifana ne-choroy, eshushiswa abalimi ngoba idla izitshalo futhi ithuswa ngokuba nebala elihle elibomvu esifubeni sayo.
  • Phakathi kwezinhlobo ezivame kakhulu nezinhle zopholi zitholakala eVenezuela nase-Ecuador, zifinyelela enyakatho ye-Argentina, kusukela kulezi zindawo ungabona esibhakabhakeni endizayo ngokukhululeka upholi onobuso obubomvu, upholi ophuzi ngaphambili, inhloko emnyama ye-parrot, upholi wezinti, phakathi kwabanye.
  • Kusukela eMexico kuya eMelika Ephakathi, kutholakala upholi wasebukhosini, upholi ophuphuke, upholi omhlophe, upholi wasebukhosini utholakala, ufinyelela eNingizimu Melika.
  • Emazweni ase-Chile nase-Argentina, ezifundeni zase-Andean nase-Patagonian, kunezinhlobo eziseningizimu impela, okuyi-trica upholi kanye/noma i-Burrowing Parrot.
  • I-Central American parakeet igxile ogwini lwasePacific oluseningizimu-mpumalanga yeMexico ize ifike eCosta Rica.
  • Ezintabeni zaseMexico, kufika ngaphezu kwamamitha ayizinkulungwane ezine (4000) okuphakama, amaParrots Catita Serrana kanye/noma iParrot Cordilleran atholakala, kukhona namaParrots Dwarf Parrots.
  • Opholi abangavamile nabahlaba umxhwele kakhulu ama-macaw noma ama-macaw, anemibala ewumbukwane yobukhazikhazi, batholakala kusukela enyakatho yeMexico kuya enyakatho ye-Argentina.
  • Ama-parrots anemsila omfushane, abizwa ngokuthi i-southern parrot noma i-tovi, aseningizimu yeChile.
  • EPuerto Rico kukhona upholi obabazekayo onechashaza elibomvu phakathi kwamehlo.

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Ukusabalalisa ngendawo yezulu

  • Ezindaweni ezomile nezifudumele azihlali kakhulu yizinhlobo ze-parrot, ngenxa yokushoda kokudla, naphezu kokuthi kulezi zindawo lapho i-parakeet yase-Australia ingatholakala khona, ivumelana ngokuphelele nalesi simo sezulu.
  • Indawo yokuhlala esezintabeni yilapho inani elikhulu lezinhlobo zopholi zingatholakala khona, zinezinhlobonhlobo zazo eziningi futhi ezihlala ndawonye ngaphandle kwenkinga.
  • Ezindaweni ezihlala emahlathini ashisayo yizona ezivakashelwa kakhulu yinoma yiziphi izinhlobo zopholi, kanti izinhlobo ezinkulu ezinemibala egqama kakhulu yizo ezihambisana kangcono nalolu hlobo lomkhakha ukuze ziphile.
  • Ekugcineni, kukhona izindawo zokuhlala ezifuywayo, lezi yizinhlobo ze-parrot ezitholakala enkampanini yomuntu, lezi zinhlobo ziyaziwa kakhulu ngalokho ezifundiswa ngokuphindaphindiwe kanye nemibala yazo ekhanyayo.

Kunenqwaba yama-zoo namapaki afeza umsebenzi wokukhosela nokuvikela lezi zilwane, ngakho ziyakwazi ukufinyeleleka ukuze zibonwe yinoma ubani ofuna ukujabulela lezi zinyoni ezimangalisayo nemibala yazo emangalisayo, kanye Ingwe emhlophe Kuyisilwane esimangalisayo nesinhle esitholakala kuphela kwamanye ama-zoo.

indawo yokuhlala upholi

Ukwakha uhlobo oluthile lwe-parrot, lwanoma yiluphi uhlobo, ezinye izincazelo kufanele zicatshangelwe, njengoba ukuhlala okwanelisayo kwalezi zilwane ezinhle kuncike kulezi, futhi kungathathi njenganoma iyiphi enye inyoni, amakheji kufanele enziwe ngensimbi ngokuphelele, ekhumbula. ukuthi upholi unesici esiyinhloko sokuphila ngokudla yonke into ezungezile ngoqhwaku lwawo olunamandla, uma kunalokho kuwupholi odla imbewu kuphela, kungabekwa ikheji lamapulangwe eliqine ngokwanele neliwugqinsi.

Ezinhlotsheni ezinkulu ze-parrot njengama-macaws, kufanele kucatshangelwe ukuthi lolu hlobo lwenyoni luyakwazi ukususa nokususa izinsimbi zensimbi noma indwangu evamile yensimbi ngemilomo yayo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, iziqukathi zokudla, amanzi kanye namathreyi emfucuza ashelelayo kufanele zenziwe ngensimbi, hhayi ngokhuni, ukuze zimelane nopholi.

Ngokusobala ingidi kufanele iphephe ngangokunokwenzeka, ivalwe kahle ukuze ingavumeli imilomo yayo esheshayo ukuyivula futhi ibaleke. Lapho uthenga indawo yokukhosela ye-parrot, khumbula ukuthi ezinhlotsheni ezincane noma ezincane ikheji kufanele lilinganise okungenani imitha eyodwa ubude, ezinhlotsheni ezinkulu noma ezinkulu akufanele zibe ngaphansi kwamamitha angu-1.5.

Ezikhathini eziningi, amakheji ethusi, ambozwe nge-varnish, aye abonwa, okulula ku-parrot, ngoba angakwazi ukuyiqeda futhi ingaba yingozi kuwo, yengezwe kulokhu, ayanele ngokuphelele ngoba iyindawo yokuhlala ehlala njalo. futhi isikhala salo sincane kakhulu, kodwa ngisho nalapho i-parrot ingavunyelwe ukundiza ngokukhululekile ngaphakathi kwekamelo, amakheji enziwe ngaleli thusi awanconywa noma, ngoba kulula ukuwadla futhi aphule.

Olunye uhlobo oluthakazelisa ngempela el obhejane base-javanese, okungajwayelekile kakhulu ukuhlangana nesilwane esinamandla kangaka.

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Amakheji ezinyoni kanye nama-aviary

Abantu abangenakubalwa abajabulela ukuba nalezi zinyoni kufanele balandele imingcele ethile yokunakekelwa futhi eyinhloko, ikhaya lapho i-parrot izohlala khona, ngakho-ke ikheji lifanelekile, kodwa ngokulandela imiyalelo elandelayo:

  1. ikheji kumele libe nesikhala esanele ukuze upholi uhambe kahle ngangokunokwenzeka.
  2. Amagridi aphansi kufanele abe makhulu futhi abekwe ibanga elifushane ukusuka phansi, ukuvumela ama-parrots ukuthi athathe amagobolondo embewu, isihlabathi kanye nezinsalela abazikhululayo, futhi lokhu kuzobasiza ukuba baqedele ukudla kwabo kokudla.
  3. Kumele ibe nengidi eqinile futhi evaleke kahle ukuze inyoni ingakwazi ukuphuma.
  4. Ngaphakathi kwehhoko kuhle ukuthi kubekwe indawo yesihlabathi ngamatshe elingana neqanda lejuba, ukuze upholi ungalahlekelwa umuzwa wokulola uqhwaku.
  5. Kubalulekile ukwethula amagatsha angenawo amagxolo, ama-perches, nezingcezu zeziqu, okuvumela upholi ukuba uqukule ngokwemvelo, okuzoshintshwa amanye futhi ekupheleni kwalolu hlelo, njalo uqinisekisa ukuthi la magatsha awazange aphathwe ngamakhemikhali. imikhiqizo. , eyingozi empilweni ye-parrot, ngoba ingadliwa.
  6. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma kungamakheji okugcina opholi abambalwa, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi abohlobo olufanayo noma bolunye uhlobo, leli kheji kumelwe libe nendawo enkulu ngempela, njengoba ezikhathini eziningi lezi zilwane zingase zibe nolaka, noma ngezikhathi zokukhwelana. nokuzalanisa, ziba nzima kakhulu ukuhlala nazo futhi ziqhelelane.
  7. Lesi sikhala kumele sifakwe umoya, lapho bengathola khona imisebe yelanga, ngoba lokhu okuhle kuyindlu yezinyoni evulekile, eyenziwe nge-wire mesh.
  8. Amanzi ayingxenye eyisisekelo yama-parrots, kufanele ageze njalo, futhi imvula ihle kakhulu kubo, ukufeza lokhu, lesi sikhala kufanele sibe nesimo ukuze ngesikhathi esithile enyangeni sigezwa.
  9. Kufanele kucatshangelwe ukuthi uma unezitshalo, kufanele zibe kude namakheji ama-parrot noma ama-aviaries, ngoba ngeke amelane nokulunywa kwalolu hlobo.
  10. Uma unethuba lokuthola ikheji elikhulu nelikhethekile, ungabeka i-trunk eqinile futhi eqinile, lapho ama-parrots angakhuphuka kalula, okubenza basebenzise futhi bakhululeke.
  11. Beka imigodi yezingodo ukuze ikwazi ukulala noma isidleke ngesikhathi sokuzalanisa.
  12. Qaphela ukuthi ama-parrots amaningi akhipha i-screech engacasula omakhelwane abaseduze, ngakho-ke indawo abangahlala kuyo kufanele ihlolwe ukuze bangaphazamisi abanye abantu.

Ukulandela lawa macebiso kuzophumela esilwaneni esijabulisayo nesinakekelwa kahle, njengoba isikhala sibalulekile ukuze sibambe iqhaza enhlalakahleni ephelele ye-parrot.

i-parrot stand

Uma ufuye ama-parrots, kufanele ucabangele futhi nakakhulu uma unopholi abakhulu njengama-macaws, ama-cockatoos nama-parrots ase-Amazon, kufanele ubeke ukusekelwa okukhethekile kubo, okwenziwe ngezinto ezithile ezingenakugwetshwa kalula. ube yisiqu esikhulu sokhuni esinamagatsha amaningi, awela ngobude phakathi kwekheji noma ama-aviaries, ukuze i-parrot ikwazi ukukhuphuka.

Lokhu kusekelwa kuzophinde kusebenze njengendlela yokuphazamisa, ukwehla nokukhuphuka, ukukhuphuka nokuhamba eduze kwekheji, okuzobonisa inhlalakahle yabo futhi umnikazi uzokwazi ukujabulela ukubuka imibala enemibala nokunyakaza. Lesi sisekelo kufanele sinikeze ukuzinza nokududuza ku-parrot ukuze ingakhathazeki imilenze yayo lapho ithathwa lapho.

Ukuvikelwa, ukunakekelwa kanye nokuphatha

Lapho uthatha isinqumo sokuba nesilwane esifuywayo njengenyoni yopholi, kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi akugcini nje ngokunikeza ukudla okwanele nendawo yokuhlala efanelekile, ngoba kubaluleke kakhulu futhi ukuqaphela ngokugcwele ukuhlanzeka nokuhlanzeka kwenyoni. izinsiza ezidingekayo..

Kupholi kungasho usizo olukhulu, ukugcina indawo yayo ihlanzekile, ukubeka amanzi ahlanzekile nsuku zonke, ukuyishintsha nokugcina isisekelo sihlanzekile, ingafuthwa kanye ngesonto, mayelana nokuvimbela izinambuzane ezingase zibe khona njenge-red mite, futhi okwamanje elawulwa kalula ngezibulala-zinambuzane ezisezingeni eliphezulu, ngenxa yalokhu kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi uxhumane nodokotela wakho wezilwane.

Ukuze uthole izimpaphe, kufanele kubhekwe enhle, ekhanyayo futhi engenazo impandla, ngoba lokhu kuhle ukurekhoda izimpaphe njalo, kuyilapho ukuphulula kuyindlela yokuyihlola. Imilenze ingelinye iphuzu okufanele lihlale libhekwa, ukuvimbela ukuthi lingavuthi, ama-perches namakheji kufanele agcinwe ehlanzekile. Uqhwaku lungakhombisa izicubu ezinophondo ezithuthukile noma cha njengoba udinga.

Ukuze izipikili noqhwaku, uma zizinde kakhulu, upholi kufanele uyiswe kudokotela wezilwane futhi uyaqhubeka ukusika kancane, futhi ngokucophelela kakhulu, ngaphandle ukopha noma imihlatshelo, ngoba lokhu kungukuthi amagatsha neziqu okufanele. ube ngaphakathi kwehhoko labo ukuze inqubo yemvelo yokuguga ivele yodwa, lapho iluma futhi iququda, futhi akudingekile ukusika izinzipho zabo noqhwaku olubukhali.

Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, indawo eyengeziwe nenduduzo onayo ngaphakathi kwekheji, intuthuko engcono izoba nayo i-parrot, amagatsha, iziqu kanye nezisekelo zihlinzeka ngokuzivocavoca umzimba kwansuku zonke ezikudingayo, ngoba isenzo sokuchoboza izimpaphe kuwumsebenzi wokuzivocavoca. isithukuthezi, kungenzeka ukubeka amathoyizi afanele izinyoni ngaphakathi kwamakheji, futhi wanezela kulokhu kunikeza omunye umbono upholi kanye nabantu abamvakashelayo.

Ukuziphatha komnikazi kubalulekile kulezi zilwane, kufanele enze ngokuzola, ngokushelelayo, hhayi ngokuhlukumeza noma ngokuzumayo, njengokungathi ujwayele inyoni ukuba ibone umnikazi wayo ngaphandle kwezibuko nesigqoko, ngokuzumayo ibonakala kanje, ingamcasula. luqhume uvalo enyonini, ekubeni ingajwayele ukumbona enje. Njengamaski nezinto ezithile ezithunaza ukuthula okungazelelwe kwe-parrot.

Iningi lopholi lihlala emphakathini ngaphandle kokuhlukaniswa kwezinhlobo zezilwane, okwenzeka ngokuphambene nalokho Ama-Canaries noma i-finch upholi, ama-parrots adinga ukunakwa nokunakekelwa kumnikazi wawo, ngakho-ke ngaphambi kokuba nenyoni yalolu hlobo kufanele kucatshangelwe kahle kakhulu, ngoba ukuba nawo kuphela ukubukeka kokuhlobisa kuyiphutha elibulalayo.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma into oyifunayo kuwukuba nopholi njengesilwane esifuywayo, kumele ujwayele umnikazi wawo nsuku zonke, lokhu kuqala ngokuwupha ukudla okuthandayo, kusukela esandleni somnikazi wayo kuye esilwaneni. ukuze yazi isandla senkosi yayo, futhi lena yingxenye yokuqala nelula yale nqubo yokuzivumelanisa nezimo. Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi into etuseka kakhulu ukuthola i-parrot encane, ukuze ivumelane nekheji layo, umnikazi wayo nendlela yokuphila, ngoba labo asebeneminyaka embalwa ubudala babonisa ukumelana nezinguquko futhi badinga imizamo emikhulu yokujwayela okusha. izinto..

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Ngemva kokuqhubeka nenqubo yokuqala, umnikazi, ngokuphindaphinda nothando, uzokwazi ukumfundisa ukushaya ikhwela, ukukhuluma ngisho nokucula, bayakwazi ukugcina izingoma noma imishwana ephelele, ngoba lokhu kufanele kuphindwe izikhathi eziningi. iphimbo elifanayo, futhi kucace kakhulu ngangokunokwenzeka ukuthi yini ofuna inyoni ifunde. Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi amanye ama-parrot anezimo ezingcono zokukhuluma, njengalezo ezingezohlobo lwe-arrot namapholi ase-Amazon, izinga lawo lokukhuluma nokuphindaphinda liyithalente lawo elikhulu.

Omunye umehluko phakathi kwabesilisa nabesifazane ukuthi abesilisa balolu hlobo banekhono elikhulu lokufunda, futhi ngenxa yokufana banokusondelana okwengeziwe nobulili besifazane, kusobala ukuthi lokhu kuzoncika kumnikazi ngokwentshisekelo, uthando nothando oluboniswayo. futhi ufundise upholi, lokhu kuyiqiniso langempela okufanele lifuywe.

Njengazo zonke izidalwa eziphilayo, kungase kuthambekele ekuguleni, uma ingakutholi ukunakekelwa okwanele, nokunakwa izimpawu ezingaba khona njengokukhwehlela, amafinyila amaningi, amakhaza, noma, ngokuvamile, noma yikuphi ukuphazamiseka kokugaya ukudla ngenxa yento ethile ebangela ukuvuvukala. azizwanga kahle lapho ukuncela.Kulokhu, into efanelekile kakhulu ukuyidlulisela kuchwepheshe wezinyoni ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka.

Empeleni, okubaluleke kakhulu kukho konke ukunakekelwa kwe-parrot ukuhlinzeka ngothando, uthando, ngoba bayaludinga njengokudla kwabo, futhi ukusebenzisa amandla ukuze benze lokho okufunayo akuyona inketho esebenzayo, engatholakala endaweni. inyoni enobutha, uma iphathwa ngendlela ephambene, imiphumela emihle nokuphila isikhathi eside kuyojatshulelwa lesi silwane esincane.

Ukudla

Ukudla okuseqophelweni eliphezulu kubaluleke njengothando olunikezwa upholi nsuku zonke, okubalulekile ukuze uthole impilo enhle yenyoni, okokuqala ukudla okufana nezilimo eziyizigaxa, imbewu nezithelo ezintsha kumele kube sesimweni esihle, Ngezansi kunohlu. Ukudla okufanele uma kukhulunywa ngopholi:

  • Isici esiyinhloko sokudla kwe-parrot yimbewu okufanele ibe nama-carbohydrate anjengokuthi: i-oats, imbewu ye-canary nayo yonke imbewu yomndeni we-herbaceous.
  • Kuma-parrots ezinhlobo ezinkulu, ngaphandle kwembewu yangaphambilini, imbewu yommbila kanye ne-sunflower yengezwa.
  • Imbewu ye-Hemp ne-sunflower inganikezwa kodwa ngamanani amancane futhi kancane kancane, njengoba isiza ukukhuluphala ngokuqukatha imicu yamafutha, amaminerali namavithamini A, E, D, no-E, futhi iqukethe ama-enzyme nezinto ezisizayo futhi ikhuthaza ukukhula kwakho konke. izitho ezifika ezimpapheni.
  • Izithelo zegobolondo eliqinile zinconywa kuma-parrots amakhulu kuzo zonke izinhlobo zawo ezifana namantongomane kaphayini, ama-walnuts, amabele, imbewu ye-canary nama-hazelnuts, ukuthatha izinyathelo zokuqapha zokuwacwilisa noma ukuwamanzisa ngaphambi kokuwabeka.
  • Ngokuqondene nemifino, kufanele kube ngcono ukuthi ibe yintsha ukuze iqhube ingozi yokuphazamiseka kwamathumbu, imifino enconywa kakhulu isipinashi, ulethisi, ubhontshisi obuluhlaza, ama-dandelion kanye nezaqathi.
  • Banesidingo esiyinhloko sezithelo, bangabekwa zonke izithelo zonyaka ezihlanganisa ubhanana, amagilebhisi, izinsuku namakhiwane.
  • Lapho benakekela abancane, kufanele banikezwe ukudla okukhethekile okuhlanganisa amaqanda abilisiwe abilisiwe afakwe obisini lwamaqanda.
  • Isinkwa esomile, noma i-toast nayo efakwe obisini akufanele isweleke ngoba ibanika i-calcium, okunye ukudla amagobolondo amaqanda agayiwe. Kunezithako zamakhemikhali ezingasiza le mineral, kungaba lula ukuzithola.
  • Ukudla okunosawoti omningi noma ukudla okunezinongo ezeqile kuyaphikiswa, lokhu ngokuphathelene nokubanikeza ukudla okulungiselelwe ukusetshenziswa komuntu okuvunyelwe inqobo nje uma kusesimweni esihle futhi kungaboli.

Ukudla okulinganiselayo, okulungile nokwanele kunikeza futhi kunikeza i-parrot ukuzinza kwezempilo okudingayo, ngenxa yalesi sizathu ukudla okunomsoco kufanele kugcinwe, ngaphezu kwalokhu kufanele kukhunjulwe ukuthi ama-parrots anekhwalithi yokuququda, ngoba lesi sizathu kuyadingeka ukunaka i-trunk, izofakwa ekuzilolongeni kusukela izokwazi ukuyidla.

ukukhiqizwa kukapholi

Uma sezifinyelele iminyaka emihlanu (5) yokuphila, lezi zinyoni zibheka indlela yokwenza umbhangqwana, futhi ukuba ne-monogamous, lobu buhlobo buhlala impilo yonke ye-parrot, ziqala ukufuna ezihlahleni, emagatsheni nasezidulini ezinkulu zomuhlwa, lapho bethola umbhangqwana wabo oThandekayo, balungiselela isidleke esihle esinezinsalela ze-motherwort ezidla imilomo yabo eqinile.

Lesi sigaba sokuzala sizohluka ngokuya ngohlobo lomkhakha abahlala kuwo, singanda ezindaweni ezishisayo nezishisayo, kanti emakhazeni intshisekelo yokukhiqiza ingase yehle, futhi uthathe njengento yokuqala ukumboza emakhazeni, kwengezwe kulokhu. izinga lokushisa lithonya ukusinda kwamaqanda, ngoba uma kunokushisa okukhulu, noma amakhaza amaningi, kuthinta amatshwele ngezinga elikhulu.

insikazi ixosha amaqanda amathathu (3) kuya kwamane (4), futhi iwafukamele izinsuku ezingamashumi amabili nanhlanu (25) kuya kwezingamashumi amabili nesishiyagalombili (28) ngemva kwalokho, amaphuphu ahlala kuze kube yizinyanga ezimbili (2) ngaphezulu esidlekeni futhi ziphakelwa abazali bazo baziphakela izinhlanzi, imbewu nezithelo eziphuma emlonyeni kuye emlonyeni.

Lokhu kuthatha isikhathi esingangonyaka futhi yilapho-ke eqala khona ukushiya isidleke kancane kancane, futhi aqale ukuzihlalela.

yabo

Ukuzalanisa

Njenganoma yisiphi isilwane se-puppy, sidinga ukunakekelwa kanye nesikhathi sokuzinikezela, futhi nakakhulu uma kuziwa kumatshwele, okuzodinga ubaba noma umama, oyondlayo, oyinakekelayo futhi ayivikele phakathi nezinsuku zayo zokuqala zokuphila, okuzokwenza kube kumnandi ukubona izinguquko ezingokomzimba amatshwele aba khona lapho ezalwa aze afinyelele ebudaleni, futhi kuyokhanya nakakhulu ukubona ukukhula kwengqondo opholi ababa nakho lapho bezalwa futhi bekhula.

Ukuze uthole imiphumela engcono kakhulu lapho ukhulisa itshwele, kubalulekile ukucabangela lokhu okulandelayo bese uzama ukulandela lezi zincomo:

  • Uma usunawo kakade, kufanele uwagcine ebhokisini lekhadibhodi, elinembobo phezulu, ubukhulu bamaphuphu kufanele buhlolwe, uma kukhona amaningana noma eyodwa kuphela ukushintsha usayizi webhokisi.
  • Umbhede uzokwakhiwa ngamapheshana ekhishi kanye/noma iphephandaba nanoma yiliphi iphepha ongalithola, lokhu kufanele kushintshwe nsuku zonke, futhi uketshezi olungachitheka, kanye nendle, ibhokisi lekhadibhodi nalo lizoshintshwa ukuze indle. ungangcolisi ukudla kwakho.
  • Ukudla kusekelwe kumashubhu obisi, kungaba umjovo, futhi kancane kancane bayonikezwa isinkwa esicwiliswe obisini, kukhona abantu abafaka isikhuphasha seqanda elibilisiwe ukuze bathole umsoco ophezulu, bazobekwa nezicucu zephepha. ukuze ungangcolisi indle yakho.

Ezinhlotsheni ezinkulu zama-parrots, kuhle ukuzibeka emgodini omkhulu ngesikhathi esisodwa, futhi wethule ibhokisi elincane lekhadibhodi ukuze liphephe, livumele ukuthi linqume lapho lingayidingi futhi lizokhishwa emgodini.

Ukushisa

Uma itshwele linenyanga eyodwa ubudala, izinga lokushisa elilungile lisuka ku-23 kuya ku-25°C, kubanda kakhulu noma izinga lokushisa eliphakeme kakhulu liyingozi etshwengeni, ngakho-ke itshwele kufanele lilawulwe futhi libhekwe uma linezimpawu ezifana nalezi; uma isikhumba sakhe sibomvu, uma ephefumula ngokushesha ngomlomo wakhe evulekile, kusho ukuthi izinga lokushisa liphezulu kakhulu, uma ngokuphambene nalokho ephaphathekile, eqhaqhazela, enganaki futhi emtshela ukuthi adle, kusho ukuthi udinga ukushisa okwengeziwe.

Okunye kungaba ukubeka izibani ze-infrared ezikhipha ukushisa etshwele, ikakhulukazi lezo ezisetshenziswa ezindaweni ezihlala ezindaweni ezizungezile; kakade lapho sebekwazi ukudlula kulesi sigaba izinga lokushisa lapho lihlala khona liyokwanela ukuphila.

Umswakama ohlobene nendawo ezungezile

Lokhu kuzoncika emazingeni okushisa alapho uhlala khona, esikhathini esiningi kuba ngamadigri angamashumi amane nanhlanu (45) amashumi ayisithupha nanhlanu (65), futhi aphelele, uma izinga lokushisa liphezulu, kusetshenziswa i-nebulizer ukufafaza amakhadibhodi. ibhokisi bese ubeka itshwele ekushiseni okufanele, uma lokhu kuswakama kuphansi kakhulu, isikhumba setshwele sizokoma futhi sishwabane.

Ukondla itshwele okukhethekile

Lapho unetshwele, kufanele kubhekwe imihlahlandlela okufanele uyilandele yokunakekelwa, ukuphatha nokuvikela upholi omncane, uma ufuna ukuthola umphumela ongcono kakhulu:

  1. Iphalishi lizolungiswa ngokwezinsuku lapho upholi uzalwa, isibonelo, lezo esezingaphezu kwamasonto amane kuya kwamahlanu ubudala, kufanele zidliwe kathathu ngosuku, ekuseni, ntambama nasebusuku, kuhlonishwe izikhawu ezithile. amahora phakathi kwabo kusukela emahoreni ayisikhombisa kuya kwayisishiyagalolunye.
  2. Lapho ukuguqulwa kokuthatha ukudla okuqinile kuqala, isidlo sasemini kufanele sisuswe, futhi kancane kancane isidlo sasekuseni, bese kuba isidlo sakusihlwa.
  3. Iphalishi kufanele libe nokuvumelana kwekhilimu futhi libe uketshezi kangangokuthi lingakwazi ukungena nokuphuma kusirinji.
  4. Iphalishi lenziwa ngekhwalithi efanayo kanye nokuhlanzeka njengokungathi ngelengane encane, ngamanzi ashisayo agwema ukwakheka kwezigaxa, izinga lokushisa eliphelele lingaba lihle kakhulu lingu-37 ° kuya ku-40 ° C.
  5. Faka isipetu emanzini ashisayo ukuze kuthi uma lihlangana nomlomo wetshwele libe mnandi lapho lilincela, uqaphele ukuthi ungalisebenzisi ngokweqile ngoba lingabangela ukusabela okungekuhle ekukhaseni kwetshwele.
  6. Ukuze amnike iphalishi, uthatha amaphepha ephephandaba, ayoba masha njalo lapho edla, futhi asonge ikhanda lakhe ngemuva ngesandla sakhe, bese ngesithupha sakhe nangomunwe wakhe wangaphambili abambe intamo yakhe, akhuthaze intamo ukuthi incike. phambili, abakwenza ngokwanele bebodwa.
  7. Isirinji ifakwa ohlangothini lwesobunxele loqhwaku futhi ngaphandle kokuphoqelela upholi, ngokulandela indlela yokugwinya, isirinji iqiniswa nephalishi, lokhu kuzokwenziwa kuze kube yilapho isivuno sigcwele ngokuphelele noma inyoni ikhombisa izimpawu zokuthi ayisekho. kodwa ngesivuno esishubile.
  8. Ngokucophelela okukhulu namanzi afudumele, izimpaphe noqhwaku zifafazwa, ngaphakathi nangaphandle, ukuhlanza izinsalela ze-mush, qaphela isivuno ukuze singaphindi.
  9. Isivuno senyoni sizobhekwa, ukwazi uma singenalutho, ngoba kufanele sithululwe ngokuphelele, kucatshangelwa ukuthi isikhathi esiningi sokwenzeka kwalokhu siphakathi kokudla kwasebusuku nokusa.
  10. Inani lephalishi elihlinzekwayo lizoncika ekutheni isivuno sigcwele noma cha, kanye nesidingo sokukhula okungenzeka itshwele libe nalo.
  11. Kuyasiza ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuhlola isisindo, ngaphambi nangemuva kokudla, ukwazi ukuthi ukukhuluphaliswa nokondliwa kwetshwele kuhamba ngendlela egculisayo, futhi nakakhulu uma kuguqulwa ukudla okuwuketshezi kube okuqinile.
  12. Uma ubona ukuthi itshwele lizama ukuklebhula ikhadibhodi, licofa yonke into engaphakathi kwehhoko, sekuyisikhathi sokuqala ukulinika ukudla okuqinile, njengembewu ecwilisiwe, imifino, izingxube zommbila omnandi, izithelo, iphalishi elifanayo esitsheni, ngakho-ke okunye kokudla kuyaqedwa kuphoqe inyoni ukuthi iqale ukuzidla yodwa.
  13. Qaphela isisindo sakho uma udlula kulolu hlelo, njengoba kufanele uqhubeke nokukhuluphala futhi unganciphi, lokhu kuye ngokuthi uhlobo olukhethiwe, uma ubona ukuthi uyancipha, kufanele sibuyele ephuthuni futhi sizame ukulinciphisa. kancane kancane futhi .
  14. Konke ukudla kufanele kube kusha futhi kube sesimweni esihle, njengoba opholi bazikhulula ekudleni futhi bangase bangcoliswe yikho.
  15. Ukubekwa komkhumbi wamanzi kubaluleke kakhulu, futhi nakakhulu uma uqala ukuhamba ngenqubo yokushintsha ukudla okuqinile noma okomile, ngoba lokhu kuyoba okufanelekile ukubeka amanzi afudumele esikhundleni sephalishi.

opholi abasengozini

Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, abantu baye bathatha ama-parrots ngendlela embi, befuna ukuhweba ngokuwathengisa, ngamanani amakhulu, nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi izinyoni zihlala ziningi ekusekeleni ukuphila, lapho zifuywa, kodwa-ke, kufanele zithathwe. khumbula ukuthi njenganoma yisiphi isilwane kufanele siphathwe ngokwazisa nangomusa.

Ngokuba nazo ezindlini zokukhosela, ukukhiqizwa kwezinhlobo zezilwane kuncipha kakhulu, njengoba ezindlini eziningi ezinopholi zihlala zodwa, nokuba ngumfazi oyedwa ngokuhlala nomunye futhi lokhu ngokuthanda kwazo, ngeke zikhiqize kahle, ngenxa yalokho. bese kwenza buthaka ukwanda kwezinhlobo zezilwane.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukugawulwa kwamahlathi, ukugawulwa nokushiswa kwezihlahla, akuvumeli upholi ukuba ujwayelane naso ngendlela evamile, ngoba kumelwe uphile endaweni eshintshashintshayo futhi ungakhi umnyombo womkhaya waso, lokhu kuyisilwane esihlala emihlambini kungakhathaliseki ukuthi hlobo luni lwezilwane. , kufanele isuke kwenye indawo iye kwenye. Yini enomphumela wokuthi izinhlobo zopholi azigcinwa ngendlela efanayo zihlanganiswa ngumndeni wezinhlobo.

Njengamanje kuneziqiwi ezinezinyoni ezinkulu lapho zivikela khona izilwane eziphilayo emhlabeni wonke ngokunakekelwa okwengeziwe, bezinikeza ukudla okuzosala njengoba zazisezweni noma endaweni yazo, isibonelo eSpain kuneParrot Park, enezingaphezu kwezintathu. izinhlobo ezingamakhulu (300) zopholi, futhi ezingaphezu kwamashumi amahlanu (50) ezisengozini enkulu yokushabalala.

E-Parrot Park banikezwa ukuvikelwa, ukunakekelwa kanye nendawo efanelekile, enezindiza ezinkulu, bahlala ngamabhangqa ezinhlobo zezilwane, ukuze kutholakale ukukhiqizwa kwezinhlobo zezilwane. Ngokufanayo naye Indlovu yase-Asia okungukuthi engozini yokuqothulwa.

ukuqeda izikelemu upholi

Izikhathi eziningi kuyabonakala ukuthi opholi baqala ukuhluthula izimpaphe zabo, futhi akubangelwa ukudabuka uma bengayiboni inkosi yabo okwesikhashana, kodwa ngenxa yokulunywa, yilapho kufanele bakhishwe izikelemu ngoba banohlobo oluthile. izibungu ezihlasela imizimba yazo ngaphakathi nangaphandle ngaphandle, ngenxa yalokhu udinga uviniga we-apula cider, ozofakwa emanzini akho avamile cishe amaconsi amathathu noma amane. Ngaphezu kwalokhu, i-apula cider uviniga efanayo ifakwe izipuni ezine zalolu ketshezi, ku-sprayer futhi isetshenziswe kuzo zonke izimpaphe, kakhulu uma kukhona ilanga, ngoba bathanda ukugeza.

Kufanele kucatshangelwe uma izinga lokushisa elizungezile liphansi kakhulu, lisetshenziswa ezindaweni ezingenawo umoya ukuze i-parrot ingabambi umkhuhlane.

Ukuziphatha kwe-parrot njengesilwane somphakathi

I-parrot izoba mnandi, ibe nobungane futhi ibe nothando ngangokunokwenzeka, lokhu kuzoncika kumnikazi wayo kuphela, noma kumuntu womndeni owunikeza uthando ngempela, ubuhlobo buqala lapho unikezwa ukudla kusukela okokuqala. umnikazi we-parrot, kufanele unikeze uthando futhi uchithe isikhathi esiphezulu nenyoni phezulu, ukuze ijwayele umnikazi.

Ziningi izibusiso ezingafundiswa upholi, kusukela ekuphonseni ibhola elincane kuwo, futhi lizokuletha kuwe, ukucula izingoma eziphelele, imishwana, ukudlala ufile uma udutshulwa, ukudansa uma ulalele umculo. Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi lezi zenzo zizokwenziwa ngokuphindaphinda, njengoba lezi zilwane ezincane azihlakaniphile ngokwanele ukwazi ukuthi zikwenze nini, noma incazelo yazo.

Basabela ekushukunyisweni kokunyakaza okubonwa ngamakhosi abo, kungaba ukuphulula ezimpapheni kanye/noma ubanike ukudla abakuthandayo esandleni sakho, ukuze bathole ukuzethemba okudingekayo futhi bangakulumi, futhi bangathethisi. noma ukuba namakhono amabi, ngoba kuzoba luhlaza.

Ziyajabulisa futhi zisebenza kakhulu, ngenxa yalesi sizathu kunconywa ukubeka isiqu ukukhuphuka, futhi kwezohwebo kukhona amathoyizi amakheji ezinyoni, amahle kakhulu futhi enziwe ngezinto eziphikisana noqhwaku nezinzipho zama-parrots, lezi nazo zikhonza. ukungena nokuvala lezi futhi uzivocavoce.

yabo

Ukumqeqesha, kufanele ukhethe isikhathi sokudla, futhi ngenkathi uphinda lokho ofuna ukuthi akufunde, lapho ezama ukukwenza, futhi uzoqhubekela phambili aze akwazi ukukusho, ukudla kuzonikezwa njengomvuzo. ngokuba sesikuzuzile, kucatshangelwa ukuthi iZinyoni ezifana nopholi kungathatha isikhathi eside ukufunda, okubalulekile ngalokhu ukuthi ungalilahli ithemba noma ukhungathekise upholi.

Akunconywa ukufaka izigqoko ezinomsindo, noma izifihla-buso noma izinto lapho upholi ungajwayele ukubona abantu abaseduze naye, ungathandi kubo amakhwela, ama-bugles isikhathi eside njengoba lokhu kubenza babe novalo.

Ngokwezifundo ezifakazelwe, zibonisa ukuthi ezindlini lapho abantu abaningana bahlala khona, kungenzeka ukuthi i-parrot izwa ubuhlobo obungaphezulu nomunye umuntu ongeyena onakekelayo futhi odlayo, ngakho akufanele azizwe kabi, kunalokho, yayifundisiwe futhi yajwayelaniswa kahle kakhulu.enyoni ukuze ihlalisane nabo bonke abantu ngendlela evumelanayo.

Izimpawu ze-Parrot

Ihlelo likapholi linikezwa izinhlobo zezinyoni ezingaphezu kwamakhulu amathathu namashumi amane (340), phakathi kwazo eziningi ezinezici ezifanayo ziyavela, enye yazo i-parrot iwuhlobo olulodwa lwe-parrot, ikakhulukazi lezo ezinamandla amaningi okukhipha. imisindo efana neyomuntu, naphezu kwalokhu kukhona umehluko phakathi kwama-parrots nama-parakeet azoqanjwa ngezansi:

  • Opholi bayaklolodela kuyilapho amapharakethi ekhala.
  • Umsila wepharakethi uqondile kanti okapholi mfishane futhi uyisikwele.
  • Umzimba we-parakeet mncane futhi mncane, umzimba we-parrot uyindilinga futhi mkhulu.
  • Inhloko ye-parrot inkulu futhi iyindilinga, i-parakeet inekhanda elincane ne-oval.
  • Emahlweni upholi unebhande elimhlophe ipharakethi elingenalo.
  • Kumapharakethi umbala oluhlaza udla kakhulu, kanti kopholi kukhona okuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ophuzi nobomvu.
  • Uma egcinwe ekuthunjweni, ama-parakeet angaphila iminyaka engamashumi amahlanu (50) kanti opholi bafinyelela eminyakeni engamashumi ayisishiyagalombili (80).

Ngaphandle komehluko oshiwo ngenhla, kubaluleke kakhulu ukugqamisa ukuthi amapharakethi nopholi bayizinhlobo zopholi abakwazi ukukhwelana, ukubhanqa, ukumitha kanye nokufukamela amaqanda amathathu (3) kuya kwamane (4), azalwe phakathi kwamashumi amabili nesithupha (26) kanye izinsuku ezingamashumi amabili nesishiyagalombili (28).

Imibuzo ebuzwa njalo

  • Kungani opholi benekhono lokukhuluma?

Naphezu kokungakwazi ukuqonda ukuthi yini abayiphindayo, uma benekhwalithi yokuphindaphinda izingoma ezifanayo, izisho kanye nezingoma abazifundiswayo, lokhu kufanele ukutuswa ngoba bakwenza ngokuhlangana, basabela ekushukumeni komzimba kanye/ noma izinto abazibonayo, futhi lokhu kubenza bahlakaniphe ngendlela engavamile futhi bafanelekele ukuzivumelanisa nabantu njengezilwane ezifuywayo ezihlekisayo nezinobungane.

  • Kungani ama-parrots evuka?

Lapho zihlukanisa izimpaphe zazo emizimbeni yazo, futhi ziphakamisa imilomo yazo njengokungathi ziyabukisa, kungenxa yokuthi ziyashisa futhi ngale ndlela zipholisa isikhumba ngaphansi kwamaphiko azo.

  • Opholi baxhumana kanjani?

Ngokumangalisayo, upholi awunazo izintambo zezwi, lokho onakho isimo sokukhipha imisindo nezinye izinyoni, ukhuluma ngokuklabalasa, kuye ngokuthi uluphi uhlobo.

  • Baphila isikhathi esingakanani opholi?

Isikhathi singahluka ngokuya ngezinhlobo, kanye nokunakekelwa okungathathwa, naphezu kwalokhu lapho zifuywa, zingaphila phakathi kweminyaka engamashumi amane (40) kanye namashumi ayisithupha (60) cishe.

  • Iluphi uhlobo lukapholi olukhuluma kakhulu?

Izinhlobo eziningi zopholi zingenza imisindo, nokho upholi ompunga noma upholi wase-Afrika, yizona ezihamba phambili ekulingiseni imisindo yabantu, futhi kukhona ngisho noyedwa wabo oye wagqama phakathi kopholi abaningi ngokuba nekhono lokucabanga.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele idatha: I-Actualidad Blog
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.