Ukuxoshwa ngenxa yokulova kanye nezidingo zakho

Uma umuntu enza isivumelwano somsebenzi, kufanele athobele imiyalelo yomqashi; Uma kungenjalo, izovezwa ku-a ukuxoshwa emsebenzini ngenxa yokulova, kuyadingeka ukwazi amaphuzu ahlukene azochazwa kabanzi kulesi sihloko.

ukuxoshwa-ngenxa-yokulova-2

Imiphumela edalwe ukwephulwa kwenkontileka yokuqashwa ngumsebenzi.

Ukuxoshwa ngenxa yokulova

Ukungabikho emsebenzini kungaqondwa njengokungabi bikho noma ukulahlwa kwesikhundla nemisebenzi yobungcweti eyenziwa enkampanini noma inhlangano ngosuku lokusebenza, ukwephula inkontileka esemthethweni eyasungulwa ngesikhathi sokungena enkampanini. Lokhu kungabi bikho kungase kuthethelelwe noma kungenzeki; Kungenjalo, ukulahlwa kwabasebenzi okungenasizathu okungase kudale ukuxoshwa emsebenzini ngenxa yokulova.

Ukuxoshwa emsebenzini kubhekisela lapho umqashi enqamula isivumelwano somsebenzi nomqashwa wakhe ngenxa yezizathu zendlela yokusebenza, noma ngabe kungenxa yokunqwabelana kokungayi emsebenzini okufanele ngenyanga, ngenxa yokulova okungafanele noma ukwehluleka okukhulu enkampanini. Umqashi onamandla okunquma ubude besikhathi senkontileka yesisebenzi sakhe ngokusebenzisa imigudu esemthethweni.

Uma lesi sinyathelo sithathwa ngoba silimaza ngokungaqondile noma silimaza indawo yokusebenza noma indawo phakathi kwabasebenzi bonke. E-Spain, ngokomthethonqubo wasebukhosini wabasebenzi, izinhlobo ezimbili zokuxoshwa zingasetshenziswa ngokuvumelana ne-athikili 49: Inhloso, ngenxa yezizathu ezingaphezu kwamandla omsebenzi, anelungelo lezinsuku ezingu-20 ngonyaka ngamunye wokusebenza ngesilinganiso esiphezulu se-12. amaholo futhi afune isaziso sezinsuku eziyi-15.

Iqoqo, elikhiqizwe ukuziphatha okubucayi nokunecala kweqembu elinenkontileka, alidingi isinxephezelo ngokulahleka kwenkontileka noma isaziso sangaphambilini; Ukuqondisa izigwegwe, inkampani ifisa ukuhoxisa inkontileka kodwa azikho izimbangela, kuyancomeka ukuthi kufinyelelwe ekubuyisaneni futhi kuveze ngomlomo ukunqanyulwa kwayo.

Enkampanini kuneminyango eyahlukene eyenza imisebenzi ethile.

njengezinsiza zabantu, ukufunda okwengeziwe ngalezi zigaba sincoma ukuthi ufunde ngakho iminyango yenkampani.

izidingo zibonisa ukulova emsebenzini

Ngaphakathi kwezidingo ukuze ukwazi ukuqhubeka nokuxoshwa emsebenzini ngenxa yokulova, kubhekiselwa ekuthotshelweni kwemithetho ngaphakathi kohlaka lomthetho. E-Spain, ishintshiwe phakathi neminyaka inika isisebenzi ukuguquguquka kanye nenzuzo, kodwa ayiphunyuki esihlokweni lapho ukuba khona kwesisebenzi ngaphakathi kwenkampani kungathetheleleki, okulandelayo kungachazwa:

  • Lapho ukuxoshwa ngenxa yokulova kuphazamisa usuku lokusebenza ngoba kwenziwa ngomzamo weqembu.
  • Ukulova kukhiqizwa ngokulandelana futhi isizathu asithetheleleki noma silandelana phakathi nenkathi yenyanga eyodwa edala umonakalo ngaphakathi kwenkampani.
  • Uma ubhekisela ekungabikho komsebenzi wenyanga, akushiwo kuphela kusukela ku-01 kuya ku-30 ​​yenkathi ngayinye, kungase futhi kubhekisele, isibonelo, kusukela ngo-Agasti 20 kuya kuSeptemba 20; Phakathi naleso sikhathi, inani lokungabikho okuthethelelwe noma okungenakuthethelelwa lingabalwa.
  • Isisebenzi kufanele sibe nesilinganiso samahora asebenzayo samasonto onke, ngokwe-athikili 52 yonyaka wezi-2020 we-RDL, ngokulova emsebenzini, noma kuthethelelwe kodwa kuyekwe.
  • Ukuzuza u-20% wamahora okusebenza ezinyangeni ezimbili ezilandelanayo inqobo nje uma ingqikithi yenani labahluleke ukuya ezinyangeni eziyishumi nambili ezedlule idlula ama-5% wamahora okusebenza, noma ama-25% ezikhathini ezine zokuyekisa ukuqhubeka phakathi nenkathi yezinyanga eziyishumi nambili.
  • Njengoba ukungabikho emsebenzini akubandakanyi lezo ezibhekisela kuzimvume noma ukuphumula okukhiqizwa ukubeletha, izinkinga ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, ukuncelisa, ingozi ethile ebangelwa ukukhulelwa, ukubeletha, ukuvakasha, amalayisensi; izingozi ngezikhathi zokusebenza; isiteleka esisemthethweni.
  • Ukubuyela emuva kwanoma yisiphi isifo esimweni esingaphansi kwezinsuku zebhizinisi ezingama-20; izifo ezingaphezu kwezinsuku ezingu-20 zebhizinisi; izinkinga zodlame lobulili oluthethelelwa ukunakekelwa kwezinsizakalo zezenhlalakahle noma izinsizakalo zezempilo; ukwelashwa kwezifo ezifana nesifo sikashukela, umdlavuza, phakathi kokunye.

Esimisweni sabasebenzi besizwe saseSpain

Lokho kwagunyazwa yiSimemezelo Somthetho saseNdlunkulu sonyaka we-1995, isiqephu sama-24.1 lapho sibhekisela khona ukuthi umqashi unelungelo lokuxhumana nesimo sokugula, isimo noma ingozi ukuze aqinisekise futhi aqinisekise ukungabikho emsebenzini. Isahluko 54.1 sibeka ukuthi isivumelwano sabasebenzi sizokwazi ukuthi sifinyelele umvuthwandaba kanjani ngomthetho womnikazi, ngokuxoshwa okuthile okusekelwe ekuphuleni umthetho okungathi sína nokunecala kwesisebenzi.

Izibopho zomqashi

Ngaphakathi kwesivumelwano sabasebenzi kunamalungelo isisebenzi esiwajabulelayo enkampanini, lapho kubhekiselwa kuzo izibopho usonkontileka anazo ngosonkontileka bakhe; futhi ngaphakathi kwalezi zibopho kuchazwe ngezansi:

Ubufakazi bokuqedwa komsebenzi

Kuzo zonke izimo zokunqanyulwa komsebenzi, inkampani inesibopho sokwenza ireferensi yokunqanyulwa kwenkontileka; Uma icala likhuluma ngokuxoshwa, izizathu ezidale lokhu kunqanyulwa kwenkontileka kumele zicaciswe, zichaze konke ukungabikho okudale isinqumo somqashi.                

Ukukhanselwa kwezinzuzo zomphakathi

Ngokufanayo, izinzuzo zezenhlalakahle okungezakhe ngokomholo wakhe nesikhathi sokusebenza kufanele zilethwe, ngokuvumelana nezinhlinzeko zoMyalo Wezomthetho Wasebukhosini izinsuku ezingama-20 zonyaka ngamunye asetshenziwe. Le nkokhelo kufanele yenziwe ngesikhathi sokuxoshwa, esimweni sokungathobeli ngesikhathi sokukhokha, lokhu kuxoshwa kuyoba okungalungile, ngakho-ke akunagunya elisemthethweni lomsebenzi, ekwazi ukuqhubeka nemisebenzi yakhe futhi ekhaviwe uhlaka olusemthethweni lwabasebenzi. .

Umnqamulajuqu wokuxoshwa

Okokugcina, isaziso kufanele senziwe ukuze sikwazi ukwazisa izinsuku ezingu-15 ngaphambi kosuku, ngemiphumela yesilinganiso esithathiwe, sihluke ngokuphelele, kufanele sigunyazwe ekupheleni. Ukungabikho kwale nzuzo akwenzi ukuxoshwa kungavunyelwa, kodwa kuvumela umsebenzi ukuthi afune ukungabikho kwesaziso sangaphambili ngesikhathi; Uma lungekho lolu phawu lwesikhathi sebhizinisi ngokuhambisana ne-athikili 59.2, isikhathi sokuqhubeka nokuhoxiswa kuzoba unyaka owodwa kusukela osukwini lokuba khona kokugcina okubhaliswe enkampanini.

Amalungelo abasebenzi

Umthetho unikeza kokubili imisebenzi namalungelo kubasebenzi ngokwezinsuku zabo zokusebenza, uma kwenzeka bengaqhubeki nokuxoshwa, lezi zinsuku eziwile kufanele zinxeshezelwe futhi zigcinwe uma kuyimvelaphi yokuntuleka noma ukungabikho emisebenzini yazo, njengoba ngokuqhubeka ngokwemibandela esemthethweni yokuxoshwa kanye nokukhokhwa kwemihlomulo. Uma umsebenzi engavumelani nalokho okulinganiselwa kumqashi, angaya emahhovisi ophiko lweMediation, Arbitration and Conciliation Service (SMAC).

Lapho uvakashela i-SMAC ukuze ucele isicelo sakho, lapho bazokunikeza khona usizo oluceliwe ngemva kokugcwalisa ifomu elidingekayo; Lesi sikhungo siyinkampane yokuphatha ephethe ukuxazulula izinkinga zabasebenzi zokubuyisana okuthile noma ukuxazululwa, ngaphambi kokuthi kuyiwe ezimeni eziphakeme okukhulunywe ngazo esifingqweni sezomthetho. Ukubuyisana kwabasebenzi kuyindlela esheshayo uma kuqhathaniswa nokwethulwa kwesidingo phambi kwezinkantolo, leli qiniso lenziwa phakathi nezinsuku eziyi-15 ngemuva kwesicelo.

Isisebenzi esiphethe ukuxoshwa singabekela inselele isilinganiso sebhizinisi phakathi nezinsuku zokuqala ezingama-200 kusukela ngosuku umcimbi wethulwa ngalo, into yokuqala okufanele yenziwe ukukhombisa ubufakazi bokubuyisana kwezabasebenzi, futhi uma le nqubo ingeyinhle, ungakwazi. qhubeka ulethe isimangalo phambi kwenkantolo kwezokuxhumana, ukuze uqhubekele embonweni osuselwe kuSimemezelo Somthetho Sasebukhosini.

Isisekelo senselelo singase sisekelwe eqinisweni lokuthi inkampani ayizange igcine izindlela ezidingwa yiMithetho Yabasebenzi noma isivumelwano seqoqo; Ngendlela efanayo, kungase kuphikiswe ngoba amaqiniso aboniswe encwadini yokuxoshwa awawona amaqiniso, noma awalona usongo lokuphikisana nokuxoshwa kokuqondisa izigwegwe.

Ukuphetha, yonke inkampani inelungelo lokufuna ukuthi abasebenzi bayo bahambisane nenkontileka yokuqashwa, okufanele ichazwe ngokucacile futhi kuxoxwe ngayo kusenesikhathi ukuze kungadali ukungabaza noma ukungezwani kubasebenzi bayo; futhi inikeza isiqondiso ngemiphumela yokungathobeli izinsuku zabo zokusebenza, amahora nemisebenzi eyabelwe. Ngokufanayo, hlinzeka ngokuvikeleka kwenkontileka yokuqashwa kanye nobudlelwane obuhle emsebenzini.

Zonke izinkampani zinabasebenzi abafeza imisebenzi yabo, okufanele umholo wabo ukhokhelwe ngendlela efanele, ukuze uthole ukwaziswa okwengeziwe, sikumema ukuthi ufunde. usenza kanjani isitatimende seholo.


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  1. Ubhekele idatha: I-Actualidad Blog
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.