Ihlathi Elimnyama eJalimane: Imizi, Izindawo Ezinhle Kakhulu nokunye

I-Black Forest Germany, indawo yomlingo etholakala endaweni enezintaba eSifundazweni Sase-Baden - Württemberg, indawo egcina ezolile nezothando. Njengoba kunamadolobhana amahle kakhulu, isimo sezulu esipholile nesinomswakama, izinhlobonhlobo zezitshalo kanye nokuba khona kwezinhlobo ezihlala zikhona. Thola okwengeziwe lapha!

I-Black Forest Germany

I-Black Forest Germany

La I-Black Forest Germany ihambisana nomdweshu noma inqwaba yezintaba, ebonakala ngokucwiliswa kokukodwa kobukhulu obukhulu. Itholakala ku-Federative Entity yase-Baden - Württemberg, ehambisana nesinye sezifunda ezingu-16 ezisiqambayo. Lapho kungokwesithathu kokubili ngokwandiswa nangenani labantu abahlala khona.

Lesi sifundazwe sitholakala ngqo eningizimu-ntshonalanga yeJalimane. Ukunwetshwa kwayo kugcina futhi kuvikele:

  • Amahlathi
  • Izimpophoma
  • Imifula
  • Lagos
  • amadolobha enkathi ephakathi
  • Ukuhlukahluka kwezilwane nezitshalo, phakathi kokunye.

Ingqungquthela yayo ephakeme kakhulu, iFeldberg, isendaweni engamamitha ayi-1.493 ngaphezu kwezinga lolwandle. Isimo sezulu, esisezintabeni, sihlala sinesizotha futhi sinomswakama, ngakho ngezinye izikhathi i- Amanzi emvula akalindi. Kuyadingeka ukuthi uhlale unesambulela kanye nejazi elihle eduze.

I-Black Forest etymology

Ngokuqondene nomsuka, isizathu kanye nencazelo yegama elithi "Selva Negra", kunemibono ehlukahlukene noma ukuqagela, okuyizinto ezimbili ezihlonishwa kakhulu. Esinye sazo sisikisela ukuthi umsuka walo ubhekisela emahlathini amakhulu naminyene ezihlahla zomsayipuresi ezaziwa kakhulu neziningi. Okuyisihlahla somndeni we-abietaceae esikhula sifinyelele ubude obungamamitha angama-50.

Inomqhele oyindilinga namagatsha awo avundlile, ibonakala ngamaqabunga ayo angapheli futhi izithelo zawo zingamantongomane kaphayini anomumo ocishe ube yi-cylindrical. Lezi yizo ezinikeza isici esimnyama noma ukubonakala kwemvelo, yingakho kucatshangwa ukuthi lesi sihlahla sivela.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kukhona ukucabangela okulandelayo, okuyilokho okuvame ukuzwakala phakathi kwabantu. Okusikisela ukuthi kwakungamalungu oMbuso WaseRoma owaklomelisa. Ngoba laba ngaleso sikhathi bayiqamba igama elithi "Populus nigra", ekhuthazwa noma ebangelwa ukuntuleka kokukhanya okukhona emigwaqweni. Ukuwela amahlathi ayo kwakuyingxenye yesenzo ngenxa yokungaboni kahle.

Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi kwabakhileyo Emadolobheni Black Forest, umcabango wesibili yilowo othatha amandla aphelele futhi yiwo ohlala unembile.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f9Hr1roc7CU

Ukuma komhlaba

La I-Black Forest Germany, iqhutshwa, iqondiswe noma iqondiswe kulokho okubizwa ngokuthi "tripoint" noma "trifinio". Okubhekisela endaweni lapho imingcele yomhlaba ehlobene namazwe amathathu inokuhlangana noma ukuhlangana. Kulokhu, yiJalimane, iFrance neSwitzerland, okungamakhilomitha angaba ngu-160 enyakatho yesizwe saseJalimane.

Lesi siqeshana noma i-mountain massif inesandiso esigxile kububanzi noma esishintshashintshayo phakathi kwebanga lamakhilomitha angama-30 no-60. Lapho ekhona amadolobha wakho ahlobene:

  • Ohlangothini lwayo olusenyakatho, iFreudenstadt.
  • Ohlangothini lwayo oluseningizimu, iFreiburg.

Ukusuka eKarlsruhe, okuyidolobha lesibili ngobukhulu e-Baden - Württemberg, eseningizimu-ntshonalanga yeJalimane, eduze kakhulu nomngcele waleli zwe neFrance, amakhilomitha angu-15 ngqo ukuya eNyakatho. Kuze kube iBasilea, eNingizimu, okuyidolobha laseSwitzerland, ibalwe njengelesithathu elinenani elikhulu labantu abahlala khona. Itholakala emngceleni okhona neFrance neJalimane.

Forest Climate Germany

Isimo sezulu sase-Black Forest Germany sibonakala ngokuba nezintaba, amazinga okushisa aphansi futhi ahlala njalo. Ukhumbula ukuthi ehlobo yilapho izinga lokushisa likhuphuka khona, ngokuvamile elifinyelela ku-20°C. Ngokuphambene nalokho, ngenkathi yasebusika, amakhaza azwakala kubo bonke ubukhazikhazi bawo. Nakuba kunobuhle ukuthi ihlathi eliminyene lisungula uhlobo lokulinganisela okungokwemvelo, okulawula izinga lokushisa.

Lokhu kusho ukuthi izakhamuzi azihlangabezane nezinguquko ezinjalo eziphawuleka noma ezingazelelwe, zikwazi ukujwayela ukuhlukahluka kwazo ngaphandle kokuthi zibathinte. Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi lesi sifundazwe sikahulumeni ngezinye izikhathi sigxilisa umswakama ngokweqile ngenxa yesimo sezulu esifanele noma esiqhubekayo. Lapho okutholakala khona ukuthi indawo egcwele amatshe yiyona ebhalisa izigameko eziningi kulokhu.

Ubusika e-Black Forest Germany

I-Geology ye-Black Forest Germany

Ukwakhiwa kwe-masif, eyakha i- I-Black Forest Germany, kungenxa yokwehlukana noma ukwehlukana phakathi kwalokho okwakuyintaba yendawo ngaphambili. Ukuthi ngesikhathi kwakhiwa umsele, okungukuthi, owabangelwa iphutha eliwela noma eliwela uMfula iRhine.

Yilokhu okwenza indalo ibe ngasentshonalanga, kulokho eyikho, ukhahlamba lwezintaba kanye ne-Los Vosges massif. Okuhambisana nesimiso sezintaba eNtshonalanga kanye nalokho okuyiHlathi Elimnyama ngaseMpumalanga.

Imifula

I-Black Forest Germany ihlanganisa imifula elandelayo, okuyilezi:

  • I-Brigach, okuwumthombo omfushane noma omfishane womfula, ohlangene neBreg, omfishane ngokulinganayo, umude kancane kuneBrigach. Zibangela umthombo woMfula iDanube, endaweni ephakeme ngamamitha angu-1.078.
  • I-Kinzig, lena umfula omfushane, umthombo wayo useHlathini Elimnyama futhi umlomo wawo emfuleni i-Rhine, ubude bulingana namakhilomitha angu-95. Lona yiwo osungula umngcele phakathi kwalokho okuseNyakatho kanye Nesikhungo Sehlathi Elimnyama.
  • I-Wiese, okuwumngenela ongakwesokudla woMfula iRhine, ogeleza ubheke eningizimu, umlomo wawo usenyakatho yedolobha laseSwitzerland iBasel, eMfuleni iRhine.

Amachibi namachibi

Amachibi aseBlack Forest Germany, agqamayo yilawa alandelayo:

  • Glaswald
  • Mummel
  • Kirnberg
  • inkambu
  • Titi
  • Schluch

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amachibi avelele, anenzuzo yokukhipha amanzi awo ngokusesilinganisweni, ukulungisa umthamo wamanzi endaweni yemvelo yehlathi, yilawa alandelayo:

  • umfudlana omnyama
  • weh
  • Witznau
  • Kinzig Boy
  • Nagoldtalsperre

Lake Mummel Black Forest Germany

I-Flora nezilwane zase-Black Forest Germany

La Izimbali nezilwane yalesi Federal State, ibonakala ngokuhambisana okulandelayo, okuyizi:

Mayelana ne-flora, i- izintaba zehlathi elimnyama, inohlaza oluningi, oluminyene futhi oluchichimayo, olwakhiwe:

  • AmaFern, okuyizitshalo zemithambo ezingenambewu. Okungukuthi, okuyingqayizivele yokuba evelele, enamaqabunga amakhulu.
  • I-Firs (abies), okuyisihlahla somndeni wakwa-Abitaceae, esinomqhele oyindilinga. Okunye okunamagatsha awo avundlile kanye nezithelo zawo amantongomane angama-cylindrical pine. Inothile ukuthi amaqabunga ayo angama-acicular pennes futhi akhula aze afike kubude obusuka kumamitha angama-50.
  • I-Foxgloves, noma ebizwa nangokuthi "idijithali", igama layo lesayensi elithi "Digitalis purpurea", iwuhlobo lwendiza ye-biennial herbaceous, eyingxenye yomndeni we-Plantaginaceae.

Mayelana nezilwane, inezinhlobo ezivamile, ezivame ukutholakala ezilwaneni zasendle zaseYurophu, njenge:

  • Ingwejeje ebomvu
  • Ama-boar asendle
  • Corzo, phakathi kwabanye.

Ngaphandle kwalokho, ihlanganisa izinhlobo zezinto eziphilayo ezitholakala ezilwaneni zayo, yazi ukuthi leli gama lisetshenziswa lapho uhlobo oluthile luzibonakalisa noma libhekisela ezindaweni ezilinganiselwe zendawo. Ngaphandle kokusatshalaliswa kwezinye izindawo, njenge:

  • Izinkomo ze-Black Forest, ezingamalungu ohlobo lwezinkomo zase-Hinterwald.
  • I-Lumbricus badensis, okuwuhlobo lwesikelemu esikhulu, esitholakala kuphela e-Black Forest Germany.
  • I-Black Forest Horses, okuwuhlobo oluvamile lwehlathi, okwakuthi ezikhathini zasendulo yibo ababesiza ekwenzeni umsebenzi wasensimini.
  • I-Western capercaillie, okuwuhlobo lwenyoni eyi-galliform.

Black Forest Economy

Umnotho we I-Black Forest Germany Inezinto ezilandelayo ezivelele:

  • Izimayini: Kuyaziwa ukuthi ngesikhathi soMbuso WaseRoma, izakhamuzi zaseBlack Forest, eJalimane, zaziphethe "insimbi" yezinsimbi ezihlukahlukene. Kusuka lapho umuntu kufanele abe "ne-ore", kuyisici samakhemikhali, okuvame ukuba yinsimbi, idwala nanoma iyiphi i-mineral, engakhishwa ngoba okuqukethwe kwayo kwanele ukuba ibulawe futhi ibone inzuzo.
  • Imboni yehlathi: Lo mshini wenziwa ngokulawulwa okuphelele, ngoba eminyakeni eyi-100 edlule kwaba nesipiliyoni esibi sokucekela phansi u-90% wesamba sezihlahla zoMbuso. Lapho, njengoba kusungulwe, kuvamile ukuthi izinkuni zisetshenziselwe ukukhipha i-pulp yephepha.
  • Ukukhiqizwa Kwengilazi: Edolobheni laseWolfach, elisesigodini saseKinzig, kunezinkampani eziningana ezizinikele ekusebenzeni ngendlela yengilazi eshaywayo.
  • Imboni yokunemba: I-Black Forest Germany, igqamile futhi ibonakala ngokuba nezimboni ezikhethekile ekwenzeni izingxenye zamawashi. Itholakala phakathi nehlathi, okwenza izingcezu ezikhethekile ezidingwa yi-Swiss Industry. Phakathi kwemikhiqizo eyaziwayo kukhona i-Harman/Baker, i-Saba, phakathi kwabanye.

Black Forest Tourism Germany

Phakathi kwemidlalo ebaluleke kakhulu futhi ecashunwe izivakashi kanye nezakhamuzi ezithile kukhona okulandelayo:

  • I-Paragliding
  • ukugibela ibhaluni
  • Kayak
  • Ukukhwela
  • Ukugibela amahashi
  • ISki
  • Ukubhukuda, phakathi kwabanye.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kukhona okubizwa ngokuthi "i-Rural Tourism", ebhekisela ezemidlalo noma ukuhamba okungabandakanya izinkambo, phakathi kwazo:

  • Ukuhamba ngezinyawo
  • Ukuhamba ngebhayisikile
  • uhamba emadolobheni
  • Ukuvakasha kwemnyuziyamu
  • Uhambo oluya kumawashi eCuckoo, lapho ungabona khona amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni, abhalwe kuGuinness Book of Records, phakathi kwabanye.

Izindawo Ezinhle Kakhulu Ehlathini Elimnyama eJalimane

Phakathi kwezindawo ezingasoze zalibaleka ze- I-Black Forest Germany okulandelayo:

UGengenbach

Kuthathwa njengedolobhana elihle kakhulu e-Black Forest, lapho izivakashi zithakasela kakhulu:

  • Izindlu ezibonakala ngokuba nohlaka lwamapulangwe ekwakhiweni kwazo.
  • Indlela engavamile yokugcina imigwaqo yayo ngezitshalo zokuhlobisa eziqhakazile, eziyenza ihluke.

Gengenbach Black Forest Germany

Izimpophoma zaseTriberg

Lezi zitholakala kumasayithi azungeze i-Triberg. Ukuba nokubongwa okulandelayo:

  • Bakha izindawo ezikhangayo kakhulu.
  • Ukuphakama kwawo okumangalisayo kufinyelela kumamitha ayi-163.
  • Ngalokhu kugeleza uMfula iGutach.
  • Okuhle kakhulu kwezindawo kubonwa ngeso lengqondo ngenkathi yokushiswa, ngenxa yokuwa kweqhwa okushiya ubuhle obunjalo buphefumula.

I-Freudenstadt

Le Market Square ibhalwe yiwo wonke amaJalimane njengendawo yenjabulo. Iphinde ibe namakhono alandelayo:

  • Ivakashelwa abantu abavela kuwo wonke umhlaba.
  • YiMakethe Square enkulu kunazo zonke eJalimane.
  • Ibonakala njengesizinda semizwa yesizwe.
  • Kusho ukuthi enye ye Izici zobuntu isivakashi nomhlali, ukuthi ngezikhathi zamaholide yakha indawo yokuhlangana yabantu, ngenxa yokuthandwa kwayo okukhulu.

Ichibi Titissee

Leli chibi lingenye yezindawo ezicelwe kakhulu izivakashi, ngoba ukuthatha uhambo kuyisifiso sawo wonke umuntu. Ezinye izizathu zokuthi ukuvakasha kwakho kucelwe ngazo:

  • Kungenzeka ukwenza imidlalo yamanzi, okuyinto ekhangayo kubo bonke abavakashi.
  • Bangamakhilomitha angu-8 eqiniso obuhle.
  • Kwakha ukuxhumana okuhle kakhulu nemvelo.

Amanxiwa e-Allerheiligen Abbey

Phakathi kwalokho okuyi-Baden - i-Baden ne-Freudenstadt, kukhona amanxiwa amangalisayo, okuthi ngaphandle kokunikeza umbono wokuthi kumnyama, eze ukugqugquzela ukudabuka, ngaphezu kwencithakalo eyenzeka endaweni ezungezile.

Lezi zincithakalo ziwuphawu lwamandla omlilo futhi kungukuthi ngonyaka we-1804, zadliwa futhi kuze kube manje ziqinile ngemva kwalesi senzakalo lapho ngesinye isikhathi sakwazi ukubhubhisa i-Abbey yase-Allerheiligen ngokuphelele.

Imizana Emangalisayo Yehlathi Elimnyama eJalimane

Ukusuka nini uhambo phakathi kwehlathi elimnyama kungukuthi, ukwazi amadolobha ayo amahle kuyisidingo esingenakuphuthelwa. Phakathi kwezinto ezigqame kakhulu noma ezifanekiselwayo yilezi ezilandelayo:

Baden-Baden

Leli dolobhana elihle libonakala ngokugcina ubuhle bekhulu le-XNUMX. Okwakuyidolobha onxiwankulu abaphakeme bangaleso sikhathi, ababelikhetha noma ababelithatha ukuze bafeze ikhefu labo futhi babalekele izibopho zabo.

Kuleli dolobhana kubalulekile ukuyobuka indawo noma uvakashele lezi zindawo ezilandelayo:

  • kurhaus
  • Isigodlo Esisha kanye Nesigodlo Esidala.

ILaufenburg

Ku I-Black Forest Germany, iLaufenburg, ihlukaniswa njengedolobha elinomongo omuhle kakhulu ngokubukeka nokugcwele impilo. Ibonakala ngokuthi:

  • Itholakala osebeni lomfula iRhine.
  • Inebhuloho eliwumbukwane elisetshenziswa njengesixhumanisi phakathi kwendawo eyodwa nenye.

Phakathi kwemibalabala nesizathu sokuvakasha kwabo kukhona:

  • imigwaqo egandaywe ngamatshe
  • Torres
  • Amafutha
  • Amanxiwa (Laufenburg Castle)

Schiltch

Lokhu kubonakala ngokudonsa izivakashi zayo ngezindlu zayo ezinhle ezinamapulangwe angamahhafu. I-Städtle, yakha idolobha layo elidala lasendulo, lapho ungababaza khona lezo zangekhulu le-XNUMX kuya kwele-XNUMX.

Okuhamba phambili kokuhlangana kutholakala ePosada Adler endala, okwathi namuhla ngemva kwenguquko emangalisayo yaba ihhotela elihle eliyindawo efunwa kakhulu izivakashi ezifuna ukujabula phakathi kobuhle obungaka. Ngoba uthathwa kanjalo, muhle kunabo bonke.

Sasbachwalden

Ngokusho kwezakhamuzi zaseBlack Forest Germany, iSasbachwalden, idolobha elihle kakhulu.

Impela yonke into ikhethekile kuyo, kusukela ezindlini zayo ezikhethekile zamapulangwe, isikhungo, okuyindawo yokuhlangana nokuthenga. Kanye nokubukeka kwezingadi zayo ezinkulu. Abakwazile ngokuhlanganyela ukuthola izindondo ezinhle zonobuhle abangaka.

I-Freiburg

Lokhu kubhekwa njengenhloko-dolobha ye-Black Forest Germany. Idolobha elincane, lapho kuboniswa khona ibhuloho eliwumbukwane.

I-Gothic Cathedral yayo ebabazekayo, eyaqala ekhulwini le-XNUMX, yilona elivakashelwa kakhulu. Umbhoshongo wawo wensimbi obomvu obabazekayo, ama-gargoyles awo kanye nakho konke izakhi zemvelo ezimzungezile, ziyizinto zakhe ezinamandla ezikhangayo.

Ezinye izinto ezihehayo yilezi:

  • I-Historical Warehouse noma i-Historische Kaufhaus
  • I-Town Hall Square noma i-Rathausplatz
  • IHholo Ledolobha Elidala nelisha laseFreiburg (Zombili zimenyezelwe njengezikhumbuzo Zikazwelonke)
  • Martinstor, phakathi kwabanye.

Ihlathi elimnyama laseJalimane iFreiburg

I-Altensteig

Leli dolobha elisehlathini iBlack Forest, eJalimane, livelele ngokuba yilelo elikuvumela ukuba ubone izindlu zalo ezinhle eduze kwegquma.

Ukuvakasha okudume kakhulu kwaleli dolobha yi-Altensteig Castle, okuwukuphela kwenqaba yenkathi ephakathi etholakala e-Black Forest. Lapho futhi inenhlanhla yokuthi ukuhamba kwesikhathi akuzange kube isithiyo kulokho ubuhle bayo obukhulu busho ukuthini.

I-Black Forest eJalimane i-Altensteig


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  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
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  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.