Amamodeli ezomnotho Ayini futhi yimaphi akhona?

Uma uzibuza ukuthi ziyini amamodeli wezomnotho Futhi ungayithuthukisa kanjani indlela oqhuba ngayo ibhizinisi lakho? Ngakho, hlala nathi ukuze uthole yonke imininingwane!

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Izinhlobo zezomnotho

I-Los amamodeli wezomnotho bangumhlahlandlela, umdwebo, noma umbono wokuthi umnotho othile uziphatha kanjani. Isetshenziselwa ukukwazi ukuhlaziya ukuguquguquka, iziphetho, kanye nesiqondiso somnotho.

Imephu lapho zonke izinto eziguquguqukayo nezikhombisi-ndlela imodeli yezomnotho ingaba nazo kufanele zichazwe, zihlaziywe, futhi ziqondwe, futhi zingasetshenziswa kuphela emkhiqizweni noma enkampanini ethile.

Izici zamamodeli wezomnotho

Imodeli idinga ukuba (imvamisa) ibe igrafu engachaza ngokunembile nakalula ulwazi olumayelana nomnotho okufanele luhlaziywe. Ngenxa yalokhu, kungashiwo ukuthi izici ezimbili ziyadingeka ukuze ube nemodeli yezomnotho ephumelelayo.

Ukulula

Kunzima, kodwa amagrafu akufanele abe inkimbinkimbi kakhulu nezici ezingaphezu kobubanzi bethu bokuqonda nokuhlaziya umthamo, ngakho isici esiyisisekelo salolu hlobo lwemodeli ubulula engasinikeza sona ukuthi sigxume siqonde iphuzu.

Ukukhethwa

Lesi yisiqondiso esisodwa, lapho ufuna ukwenza khona ukuhlaziya, ngaso sonke isikhathi kufanele ube nomgomo engqondweni, futhi ukubala yonke imiphumela engenzeka akuyona inketho enokwethenjelwa kakhulu. Yingakho ngaso sonke isikhathi kufanele ucabangele into ebaluleke kakhulu, noma ebaluleke kakhulu, lapho wenza imodeli yezomnotho.

Eminye imibono

Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi nakuba imodeli yezomnotho ingenye yemithombo ewusizo kakhulu uma kuziwa ekubeni nombono mayelana nemakethe, akuyona neze ithuluzi eliyisimangaliso elizosenzela wonke umsebenzi, ngeke lisinike ngokuqondile imibono. kwezamabhizinisi, futhi ngeke kusinike zonke izinhlobo ezahlukene ezingaba khona.

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Izinjongo zemodeli yezomnotho

I-Los amamodeli wezomnotho Bavumela ukufunda ukusebenzisana okuyinkimbinkimbi nokwenza izibikezelo mayelana nokuziphatha kwesikhathi esizayo komnotho. Okungokoqobo kuyinkimbinkimbi futhi ukuqonda kwethu kulinganiselwe. Ngakho-ke, kufanele kube lula, futhi izinto ezilula zisekelwe ebudlelwaneni bezinto eziguquguqukayo. Imibono yayo esemqoka yilena:

  • Qonda ubudlelwano phakathi kokuguquguqukayo kwezomnotho (i-formulation and test hypotheses): Indlela yonke into esebenza ngayo ndawonye, ​​ukuthola umbono uma singayisebenzisa ngokunenzuzo, uma izodlala ngathi, uma ingahlobene, noma ingashintsha kanjani esizayo.
  • Ukuxilongwa kwesimo noma isenzakalo esithile: Khetha izici ezibalulekile zomnotho ezizoba ukweseka kwethu uhlelo lwebhizinisi.
  • Isibikezelo sokuziphatha okuzayo kokuguquguqukayo: Ukuzama ukubikezela ukuziphatha kwezinto eziguquguqukayo kubalulekile ukuze ufise ukuba nebhizinisi elizinzile ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.
  • Idizayini yezinqubomgomo zezomnotho: Izinhlobo ezehlukene zomnotho zingasiza noma zivimbele izinhlobo ezihlukene zezimakethe. Ngakho-ke, imodeli yezepolitiki yezomnotho kufanele icatshangelwe, ukuze sizuze okuningi enkampanini yethu.

Izinhlobo zamamodeli

Nakuba ezingeni lomnotho ngokwawo, amamodeli angahlukaniswa abe amamodeli we-macroeconomic kanye ne-microeconomic. Zombili lezi zindawo zigxile ku:

  • Amamodeli wezomnotho omkhulu ngokujwayelekile agxila ekuboniseni ukuthi ubudlelwano obujwayelekile phakathi kwabathengi nabakhiqizi bunquma kanjani ukukhiqiza nokunye okuguquguqukayo.Kanjalo singakufaka ezicini ezinethonya elikhulu njengokwehla kwamandla emali, noma isidingo semikhiqizo.
  • Amamodeli we-Microeconomic aphenya ama-ejenti wezomnotho. I-ejenti yezomnotho iyiyunithi eyisisekelo yokusebenza kumodeli. Kwezinye izibonelo zezomnotho, isizwe, umndeni noma uhulumeni uthathwa njenge-ejenti. Ngamanye amazwi, igxila ephuzwini elinentshisekelo kubacwaningi futhi ihlangana ukusuka lapho.

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amamodeli ezomnotho wokucabanga

I-Los amamodeli wezomnotho; zingabhekwa "njengezikole" zokucabanga. Okwamanje, eziyinhloko zihlanganisa: Monetarism, Economics New classical, New Keynesian economics. Nakuba akuzona zodwa ezingaba khona usuku nosuku.

I-Macroeconomic

Kukhona amamodeli asetshenziswa ezimweni ezijwayelekile, ekhuluma ngohlelo lwe-macroeconomic, isibonelo, i-Kalecki Model, i-Phillips Model, i-Kaldor Model. Amamodeli ayinhloko we-macroeconomic amamodeli okukhula. Imodeli ye-IS-LM, i-Heckscher-Ohlin Model, ebizwa nangokuthi imodeli ye-H-O, yona eye yaveza ezinye iziphakamiso noma amamodeli ambalwa. njll.

I-Microeconomic

Phakathi kwamamodeli we-microeconomic awaziwa kakhulu; singagqamisa imodeli yokuncintisana okuphelele, imodeli yokuncintisana kwe-monopolistic kanye nokuncintisana okungaphelele, amamodeli wokuhlinzeka, ukufunwa kanye nozakwethu; amamodeli okulingana kwezomnotho, imodeli ye-cobweb, ithiyori yokulingana evamile, ukulingana kwe-Bertrand kanye nokulingana kwe-Stackelberg.

Ukubaluleka kwamamodeli wezomnotho

Ngokuqinisekile, kufanele kucace kakhulu ukuthi yisiphi isiqondiso okufanele sisithathe, futhi nakuba kunzima ukuzama ukuphenya ngokujulile zonke izinhlobo zezomnotho esizisho, ngaphandle kokungabaza, kunconywa ukwenza kanjalo, ngisho nabambalwa, ukuze sibe nesibalo esingcono semodeli yethu yezomnotho, okuholela kugrafu enembe kakhudlwana futhi ekugcineni imali engenayo engcono njengenkampani.

Uma ufuna ukuba nombono obanzi mayelana nokuthi umnotho uphathwa kanjani nokuthi imakethe isebenza kanjani, kufanele uvakashele lesi sixhumanisi: izinhlobo zemakethe.

Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokufunda lesi sihloko, uma unentshisekelo, sikumema ngokufudumele ukuthi ubuyekeze ividiyo esiyishiya lapha ngezansi, lapho uzokwazi khona ukuba nolwazi oluthe xaxa mayelana amamodeli wezomnotho. Kuzokumangaza!.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele idatha: I-Actualidad Blog
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.