Hunhu hweRussia hamster, kutarisira uye mazano

Iyo Russian Hamster, inozivikanwawo seRussia Mouse. Iko kunzwa kukuru pakati pevakuru nevana veimba nekuda kwehukuru hwayo, unyoro uye kureruka kwayo kwekutarisira. Muchikamu chino tichadzidza zvakawanda nezve rodent iyi nezve maitiro ayo, kutarisirwa uye matipi anobatsira ekugara zvakanaka kweichi mhuka diki.

Russian hamster

Russian hamster

Iyi mbeva, inozivikanwawo seyeRussia mbeva, inowanzova ine simba, yakadzikama, inoshamwaridzana uye ine rudo mhuka inovaraidza, inokwanisa kukurumidza kujairana nemuridzi wayo mutsva, asi haimborwadzi kunyudza dzimwe mhuka idzi dzinoba mwoyo yedu. iyo hamster yeRussia yakaratidza zvakawanda nhasi uye yave nguva yekuti isu titarise pane ayo akakosha maitiro saka ndiyo nguva yekuiziva zviri nani.

Kutanga

Iri rodent rakanaka rinowanikwa muKazakhstan, Mongolia, Manchuria, Central Asia, Siberia (ndosaka ichizivikanwawo seSiberian hamster) neRussia, inova iyo nyika inotoisiyanisa muzita rayo kubva kune yakasara. Kunyangwe ivo vane mukurumbira muAmerica uye chikamu chikuru cheEurope, munyika dzavanobva vanonakidzwa zvakanyanya munzvimbo yavo yechisikigo nerusununguko rwakakwana.

Habitat

The Russian Hamster kana Russian mole sezvaanozivikanwawo munzvimbo dzakasiyana-siyana, vanowanzogara mumatanho enyika dzataurwa pamusoro apo vanofamba kuburikidza nelabyrinths muvhu, vanowanzotsungirira kutonhora kwakadzika, zvikara zvavo shiri dzinodya, nyoka. , mapere, makava, kupinda vamwe. Munzvimbo dzavanogara ndidzo dzinowanzova chikafu chezvikara izvi.

Size

Ronde iri rinozivikanwa pasi rose nekuda kwehudiki hwaro, richiva rimwe remakonzo akadikidiki aripo. Kukura kwayo kunowanzo kubva 7 kusvika 11 centimeters kuva chubby zvikuru, uremu hwayo hunosiyana pakati pe30-50 magiramu. Madzimai anowanzo diki uye akareruka pane varume. Vakawanda kuti vasiyanise ivo vanongotarisa chimiro chemuviri wavo, vakadzi vanowanzoita chubby uye vakatenderera, varume vanowanzoita slimmer uye vakatambanudzwa.

Russian hamster

Fur

Chinokwezva chikuru chegonzo iri jasi rayo rinoshanduka zvichienderana nemwaka, rinosvika muzviyero zvakasiyana-siyana zvegrey, pearl, sirivheri, goridhe, safire, kunyange kusvika kumandarin kana orenji. Chinhu chikuru mutsetse unomhanya nemuviri wese.

Bvudzi rayo rinogona kushanduka kuita chena muchando, nekudaro richikwanisa kuzvifukidza muchando sezvo richiita denser uye silkier, kunyangwe izvi zvichigona kuchinja zvichienderana nenzvimbo uye mamiriro egonzo, nekuti shanduko idzi dzaizoitika kwete muchando chete. , uyewo pane dzimwe nguva mukati megore, izvi zvinosiyana kunyanya kana gonzo richigara munzvimbo yaro chaiyo kana kuti rakachengetwa.

Kubatana

Russian Hamsters haigoni kuva pakati pevakadzi vavo sezvo vane godo zvikuru. Iyo ine hushamwari asi territorial rodent, kugarisana kwayo kunofanirwa kunge kune hamster yevakomana vakasiyana iyo yavanogona kuperekedzwa chinyararire vasati vamuka pabonde, vanotamba uye nhanho yavo yekusagadzikana yakakura, hukama hwavo nevanhu hahuwanzo. zvakaoma kusika sezvo achizozvibvumira kutorwa nerudo uye nenguva imwe neimwe yaanodyiswa.

Zvakakosha kuti usaita kuti vanzwe vachityisidzirwa uye kuti varege kuisiya mumaoko evana vaduku zvikuru, irodent inogona kuruma.

Zvokudya

Avo vanofarikanya rusununguko rwavo kazhinji kazhinji vanodya chipembenene chisingazivikanwi asi chakavakirwa zvikuru pakudya kudya kwakapfuma mumhodzi nezviyo zvakazara. Iwe haugone kudya michero yecitrus kana chikafu chakagadzirwa uye haugone kudya shuga yakawanda, kazhinji haugone kudya chero chero michero.

Kusiyana nemiriwo inopa mupiro wakakura wekudya kune iyi rodent diki, asi manwiro ayo anofanira kuramba ari pakati nepakati. Zvakanakisisa kuidya kaviri pazuva. Uye kana iwe usingadi kuzvipa musoro wakawanda nechikafu, muchitoro chemhuka vanotengesa mhodzi dzakakosha dzekushandisa iyi hamster.

Kuberekerwa

MaRussia hamster anowanzo kumutsa zvepabonde pamwedzi miviri yezera, kunyange zvazvo kune kazhinji kacho mazuva ekusangana anowanzo kubva munaApril kusvika munaSeptember, chokwadi ndechokuti izvi zvinogona kuitika chero nguva yegore. Munguva yechando ivo vanowanzo nyimwa maitiro ekubereka zvichiita kuti uremu huremerwe, zvichienzaniswa nezhizha vanove vakasimba zvakare uye semhedzisiro vanowana uremu zvakare.

Kana vapinda mukupisa vanowanzochinja maitiro avo, izvi zvinowanzoitika nekuva mukadzi anozviisa pasi zvakanyanya. Mimba yavo inowanzotora mazuva akareba makumi maviri nerimwe, kazhinji pakati pe21 ne8 vana vavanogona kuita ndiyo muganhu. Vanogona kuramba vachibereka gore rose kakawanda sezvavanoda.

Vana vaduku vanowanzoyamwa kwemavhiki maviri ekutanga ehupenyu hwavo. Kana vana vazvarwa, baba vacho vanofanira kugara kure navo sezvo vachigona kuvadya. Mutemo uyu unogona kushandiswawo kuna amai sezvo vachigona kudya yavanofunga kuti haina simba.

Maitiro

Ruzhinji rwekuita kwavo kwemuviri kuri husiku, kunyangwe paine kazhinji kushingaira kweRussia hamster mukati mezuva, chokwadi ndechekuti vanosarudza nguva iyoyo yekurara. Avo vanogara munzvimbo yavo yechisikigo kazhinji vanorara panguva iyo mvere yavo inoreruka.

Vanoda kushamwaridzana, asi zvakakosha kuvapa nzvimbo yekuvimba, mhuka iyi haifaniri kutukwa nesimba guru, chaizvoizvo hapana mhuka inofanira kurohwa, asi kunyanya hamster yeRussia inofanira kuva nemoyo murefu, kunyange zvazvo isingawanzoiti. zvakaipa kana.

Avhareji yehupenyu

Munzvimbo yavo yekugara, mavanogara murusununguko rwakakwana, kazhinji i1 gore, kunyange zvishoma, asi izvi zvinogona kusiyana sezvo kana rodent duku ichigara muusungwa uye inotarisirwa zvakanaka, inogona kurarama kusvika kumakore mana, izvo zvingatove nechekare. kuve muganho wekusvika, zvese zvinoenderana nemamiriro ake emuviri, saka anofanirwa kunge ari anoshanda zvakanyanya uye akadyiswa hamster kuti akwanise kuzadzisa icho chinangwa.

Kutarisira

Isu tatosvika pakuziva iyi mhuka yakanaka zvakadzama zvakadzama, yave nguva yekuziva zvakawanda nezvekutarisira kwayo, chinhu chiri sarudzo yakakwana yevana, ine mukana mukuru wekuti idiki uye nyore kuchengeta, kunyangwe zvakadaro. iwe unofanirwa kuziva nezve rodent iyi sezvo mhuka yega yega ine hanya yakakosha zvichienderana nezvainoda, isu tinofanirwa kupa nharaunda yekukura kukuru kwemuviri nepfungwa kune yedu yeRussia hamster yatichaona pazasi:

Iva nechokwadi chokuti keji haisi duku. Iyo hamster inofanirwa kunzwa yakanaka dhigirii yerusununguko, zvikasadaro rodent inonyanya kunetseka kunetseka zviri nyore; zvirinani zvinokurudzirwa kuti ive 1143 cm, asi kana zvichibvira zviri nani kuti ive yakati kurei kuita mabasa ako ese chinyararire.

Gara uchiichengeta kure nezuva, chengetedza kuti keji ichava zvinhu zvipi sezvo rodent inogona kukuvadza mazino ayo ichiedza kuiruma nechikonzero chimwe chete kana keji ikasakupwisa kuti kune vanhu vanoshandisa mabhokisi akajeka, vachiita chokwadi. kuti chikamu chepamusoro chakavhurika uye kuchigadzirisa kune hamster.

Sezvambotaurwa pamusoro apa, igonzo rinopedza simba rayo usiku hwose, saka zvinokurudzirwa kuti cage haisi pedyo nemuridzi wayo pakuvata.

Zvakakosha kushongedza nzvimbo yake nematoyi uye zvinhu zvaanogona kurovedza muviri nazvo, kuisa vhiri kuti amhanye kana kumugadzirira dunhu pachine nguva ichave yakanyanya kunaka, anofarira kuvanza uye kutsvaga nzira yekuzvivharira, isa zvinhu zvakasiyana munzvimbo yake izvo zvichaita kuti kugadzirisa kwako kuve kwakanaka uye kwakapusa.

Nokuda kwezvido zvako, zvichava zvakakwana kuisa sawdust, pepanhau kana jecha, keji yako inofanira kugara yakacheneswa kubvisa tsvina pamwe chete nemarara ezvokudya uye nezvimwe kana iri nyore kuora semiriwo, kubvisa guruva, saka tichadzivisa dambudziko remangwana. nemeso ake.

Izvi zvinogona kuitwa kanenge kamwe pavhiki uye kumurega achibuda mukeji yake achienda kune imwe nzvimbo yakazaruka kweawa imwe kana maviri pazuva, zvichida masikati kana kwasviba kana kuti usiku, izvi hazvifaniri kuitwa munzvimbo yakakura kudaro. nzvimbo uye pasina miganhu sezvavanowanzovanda kana kutiza.

Kana zvasvika pakudya, zvakakosha kuyeuka kuti iwe unofanirwa kuve uine muganhu pakupa muriwo kana mimwe michero, inofanirwa kuitwa sechikamu chidiki-diki pakudya kwayo.Zvakadaro, mbeva iyi inodya mhodzi nezvipembenene, a muchero waanogona kudya, muhuwandu hushoma kaviri pasvondo iapuro.

Sarudzo yakanakisa yemiriwo ndeye broccoli, kuve nemvura yakachena kwakakosha, kushandisa dhishi kunobatsira chaizvo kana uine nyota, unofanirwa kungwarira nekudyiwa kweshuga, zvinogona kukonzera manyoka, kusadya kwakashata kunoonekwa kudonha kwemvere dzake uye mamiriro ake emuviri.

Kupa iyo yeRussia hamster chitoyi chekutsenga kwakakosha zvachose, inobatsira kuenderera mberi nekukudziridza kwayo uye inobatsira kudzora kukura kwemeno ayo, ayo asingazoregi kukura muhupenyu hwayo hwose.

Zvakakosha kumurega akarara masikati, mhuka duku iyi ichaneta kubva kune simba rose rinopisa usiku. Izvo zvinofanirwa kuverengerwa kuti kutakura hamster kunofanirwa kuitwa kana yakamuka, kuedza kuzviita kana yakarara kuchaita kuti rodent iite zvakaipa uye kuve yakangwarira iyo senzira yekudzivirira inoruma iyo. maoko emuridzi wayo. Izvo zvinofanirwa kujekeswa kuti izvi zvichaitikawo kekutanga iwe paunozvitakura asi zvine simba shoma.

Hamsters kazhinji, kushamisika kwevakawanda, havana kudiwa kuti vabayiwe, imhando inoberekwa isina nhoroondo yakawanda yezvirwere.

Muchokwadi, vazhinji veterinarians havabvumirani nekushandiswa kwejekiseni remakonzo aya, masayendisiti akati wandei akada kugadzira majekiseni emhando iyi, asi zvakaratidzwa kuti zvinogona kukonzera matambudziko makuru ehutano. Kana rodent ikaratidza zviratidzo zvefivha, manyoka, matambudziko ekufema kana chero dambudziko rehutano, inofanirwa kuendeswa kuna chiremba wemhuka nekuchimbidza, asi majekiseni haakodzeri kwavari.

Matipi

Iva nemoyo murefu kana mazuva ake okutanga kumba newe, iva nechokwadi chokuti kana pane vana vari munharaunda vasingamumanikidzi kana kumugumbura, achatya zvikuru uye achatsvaga nzira dzekuzvidzivirira. Chero bedzi chigadziro chakavakwa nezvose, zvichava nyore, mhuka iyi inojairira zvakatipoteredza nokukurumidza, kunyanya kana pane zvokudya uye rudo zvinobatanidzwa.

Edza kuita kuti inzwe yakasununguka, batsira kukura kwayo nevanhu nekuita kuti ive nehukama uye hunyoro, ichapisa simba rakawanda, inodzivirira mamiriro akashata uye kusawirirana mumakonzo, usaisiye munzvimbo ine nzvimbo dzakawanda dzekuvanda. , iwe unogona kusaiwana zvakare munguva pfupi Ivo vanokurumidza uye vanoda kuvanza kana kuvharidzira.

Muendese kune vet nguva nenguva, rudzi urwu rwemhuka haruwanzotambura nezvinetso zvehutano zvakawanda, kunyanya kana kunyatsotarisirwa kuchitorwa, asi hazvikuvadzi kutonga kunze kwehutano hwake hwakanaka, kunyange mibvunzo ipi zvayo yakanakisisa. bvunza chiremba wemhuka zvakananga sezvo ariye anonyatso kwanisa kupindura chero mibvunzo uye anozotevera zvake nyaya yehamster yako.

Edza kuizadza nerudo rwakawanda nerudo, nekuitora wakabvuma basa rekuichengeta, kuichengetedza nekuipa hupenyu hwakanaka.

Tichifunga kuti tarisiro yavo yehupenyu ipfupi kwazvo kwatiri, pamwe ichave yakati rebei kwavari, kunyanya kana tikabatsira hupenyu hwavo kuti huwedzerwe netarisiro yakakodzera, ndeimwe yeanofarira hamster nekuda kwekureruka kwayo uye kushoma hanya. asi hazvireve kuti tichangogara tichiisiya, kugara nayo, kutamba uye kana paine vana vakaitenderedza, vadzidzise kubata nembeva, hupenyu hwayo hunenge hwakareba zvichienderana nemamoods ayo.

Sezvakaonekwa, iyo yeRussia hamster isarudzo yakanakisa sechipfuwo nekuda kwekuita kwekutarisira kwayo, nekuda kwekunyorova, mutsa uye rudo. Kune vana zvakakwana kuti vave zvipfuwo zvavo zvekutanga kuitira kuti vadzidze pamusoro pebasa rekutarisira chimwe chipenyu, mhuka duku iyo ine simba rayo ichaunza spark yakawanda uye mufaro kumba kwako uye kuvanhu. uchitenderedza, ratidza uchi hwako nekutevera aya anobatsira uye ari nyore matipi ehupenyu hwako.

Usabva usina kutanga waverenga zvinyorwa zvinotevera:

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