Tsarki: duniyar 2015 a cewar Jonathan Franzen | Bita

Idan don Vladimir Nabokov (kuma watakila kuma David Foster Wallace) salon shi ne taken, ga Jonatan Franzen, marubucin 'Yanci da Gyaran baya, komai yana kewaye da tsarin. Barin kadan kadan daga cikin abubuwan da suka hada da wannan akida ta rayuwar dan Adam a wannan zamani wato. TsabtaTsarin shine mafi kyawun fasalin na kwanan nan na littattafan Jonathan Franzen. Ba tare da shakka ba, ɗayan mafi kyawun littattafan Jonathan Franzen.

? Takaitawa da nazari na Tsafta, da Jonathan Franken

An buga shi a 2015, Tsabta sabon kashi ne na jerin Duniya a cewar Franzen, wanda Ba'amurke ke sabunta bayanansa akan Intanet, hacking, social networks, aikin jarida, mata, yawan jama'a na duniya, muhalli, munafunci na duniya, da dai sauransu.

En Tsabta, Jonathan Franzen bai bar komai a cikin aljihun tebur ba. Muhimmin billet. Ta yaya Jonathan Franzen ya sa masu karatunsa su haɗu da shafuka 700 ba tare da juya wannan babban bikin cellulose zuwa wani abu da ya cancanci alamar littafin ba? bestseller?

Me yasa har yanzu zaman lafiya da natsuwa suka yi mulki yayin da muke magana da ƙarfi da ƙarfi game da sabon littafin Franzen amma, a maimakon haka, filin gira mai ɗaga gira, ba da izini ga raɗaɗi da fihirisa masu mulki suna fashe tare da ɗimbin ƙungiyar da zaran mun yaba da Dan BrownStephen King kuma Zafones yana aiki?

Abin da ke da mahimmanci game da mutumin da ake tunawa da shi a matsayin abokinsa David Foster Wallace tare da ƙauna iri ɗaya don billet kamar David Foster Wallace, amma ba rabin rabin tsarin salon David Foster Wallace ba?

Jonathan_Franzen_tsaftataccen ra'ayi

Jonathan Franzen, marubucin Purity

? Tsaftace sauki a cikin salo

Jonathan Franzen ya sake taka leda a ciki Tsabta don rubuta a sauƙaƙe kamar yadda zai yiwu, ba tare da jin tsoron maimaita kalmomi ba, tare da ƴan kwarangwal na haɗe-haɗe waɗanda suka wuce sauƙaƙan batun + fi’ili + predicate kuma tare da jajircewa kan lokaci waɗanda ke sa mu nemi ƙamus.

Watakila a cikinsu akwai alherin tsarinsa, (da kadan murakamian, gaskiya): wanda al'amarin yana da sauƙi a bi domin ya fi son ajiye hadaddun ga wani nau'i na kwarangwal, mafi girma duka.

?Tsarin tsarki

Yana da kyau mu ari waccan kalmar da ba ta dace ba wadda iyayenmu ko masu kula da ɗabi’a suka kusan ɓata mana rai sa’ad da muke ƙanana don buɗe littafi: “Me ya sa ba ku karanta ba? Me muka kasa? Karatun tafiya ne, dana! Littattafai abokanka ne, ɗa.”

Idan ba don raminsa ya tsaya ba, Purity's 'babban makirci' zai wuce mu da rana

Bari mu sanya shi kamar haka: lokacin da muka buɗe TsabtaLallai mun fara tafiya. A cikin madaidaicin littafi, tare da madaidaicin buri da daidaitaccen tsari, ci gaba bisa tsarin lokaci a cikin abubuwan da suka faru na makirci yana kama da cin nasara kilomita da ke raba mu da makomarmu; kan TsabtaCi gaba ya ƙunshi fareti akai-akai na tsayawa a tashoshin sabis, tsayawa don zuwa banɗaki, tsayawa cin abinci, tsayawa shan taba, tsayawa don siyan kayan kwalliya... tafiyar zata dauki sama da awa daya kacal idan ba tasha ba, wanda gaba ɗaya ya mamaye sararin babban filin har sau goma, wanda ke faruwa a halin yanzu kuma za mu kashe shi idan ya ci gaba kadan.

? Murna na rufe da'irori

Idan muka ce tsayawa muna nufin surori na mahallin, bango, dakata a cikin aikin na yanzu. A wasu kalmomi: Jonathan Franzen yana aiki a ciki Tsabta na wata dabara da muka riga muka gani a littafinsa na baya, Libertad, (kuma a kusan kowane fim na Quentin Tarantino, incluyendo Hatean ƙiyayya takwas) cewa, ko da yake ba shakka za ta sami suna da nau'i a cikin duniyar labari da / ko rubutun, za mu da fatan za mu kira shi kawai Murnar Rufe Da'irori:

  1. An gaya mana jerin abubuwan da ba mu da bayanai don cikakken fahimta.
  2. Idan aka waiwaya baya (ba wai waiwaye ba ne, kawai abin da ya faru a halin yanzu na ruwaya ya zama na wani lokaci kafin abin da aka fada a cikin aya ta 1).
  3. Kusa da ƙarshen wannan sashe (wanda zai iya gudana zuwa shafuka ɗari kuma ya zama littafi da kansa), muna samun mahimman bayanan da muke buƙata don fahimtar batu na 1 a cikakkiyar ma'anarsa.
  4. Wani sabon babi ya fara kuma an sake gabatar mana da labarin yankewa wanda ke buƙatar sake duba abubuwan da suka gabata don cimma daidaitaccen rufe da'irar da za ta ba da gamsuwar nan take ga mai karatu wanda zai gayyace shi ya ci gaba da bincika shafuka.
jonathan_franzen_foster_wallace_friends

Jonathan Franzen da David Foster Wallace, abokai da ba za a iya raba su ba.

Wasu masharhanta na adabi sun ga ya dace su fadi haka a cikin sharhinsu cewa Littattafan Jonathan Franzen suna da karimci tare da shara, bambaro da shafuka iya kashewa don ceton gandun daji biyu. Tsawon rana ba tare da ruwan inabi ba.

Wasu masu sukar adabi sun ga ya dace su fadi haka a fili Littattafan Jonathan Franzen suna da karimci tare da shara, bambaro da shafuka iya kashewa don ceton gandun daji biyu.

? Batutuwa da yawa… watakila sun yi yawa

Baki Cortazar yana kwance a dakinsa na pre parisian Hopscotch surori masu jujjuyawa, mutum zai iya tunanin Franzen tare da tsaunin tsaunukansa bakwai ko takwas na shafuffuka, yana da shakku game da mafi kyawun tsari don jefar da labarin da ba zai zama rabin abin jaraba ba idan an buga shi a cikin tsayayyen tsari na al'ada. Hakika, abin da ya sa Tsabta Ban sani ba tukuna Twilight Da Vinci Code Inferno de Grey shine, ban da magana akai Intanet, hacking, social networks, aikin jarida, mata, yawan jama'a na duniya, muhalli, munafuncin duniya, da dai sauransu, ainihin jigon da ke ci gaba da shirin ya kasance daidai da na dukan litattafan Franzen, na dukan wallafe-wallafe masu kyau da al'adun duniya: ɗan adam, mafarkinsa da bala'insa. Halayen haɓakawa, wow.

Za mu ce haka matashi Purity (Pip) Tyler shine babban jarumi domin ban da kasancewarta yar fafitika, labarinta ne ya buɗe kuma ya rufe littafin, kasancewar ya danganta da sauran labarai guda biyar.; labarai biyar ne, mun dage, a zahiri raba littattafai; Takaitacciyar rayuwar da kawai suka yi hulɗa da Pip Tyler a cikin sandunansu na ƙarshe da kuma cewa, duk da haka, a cikin Tsabta an kwatanta mana a cikin rashin lafiya dalla-dalla wanda ke ba wa waɗannan surori yanayi mafi kamanta nau'in tarihin rayuwa fiye da na sabon labari.

Kamar yadda yake tare da Foster Wallace, wannan shine inda Jonathan Franzen ya fi haskakawa, a cikin hotuna masu ɗorewa na tunani na mutanen da muke haɗuwa da su a lokuta na koli da, Har ila yau, na launin toka mai laushi: wata matashiyar tsummoki ta nutsar da bashin karatun jami'arta, wata kyakkyawar yarinya mai shekaru hamsin da ke taka Julian Assagne a kan aiki, kyakkyawar jarida mai ban sha'awa da ke son sanya aiki a gaban soyayya, mummuna da buri. 'yar jarida mai son sanya soyayyar aiki, da kuma alamar mace mara daidaituwa ta gidan Franzen.

Shin tsarki un Liberty II?

Idan ba don makircin Andreas Wolf (mai dan gwanin kwamfuta na wata kungiya ta Wikileaks) da karancin shekarun littafin gaba dayansa ba, Tsabta, maimakon ci gaba na labari (nasarar tsarin Franzen) zai kasance a fili ya zama nau'i Libertad 2 (Yanci II: Komawar Masu Nauyi), tun da a wasu lokuta sautin kururuwar ya kan bayyana sosai (saboda dalili shekaru hudu kacal suka shude da buga littafin a 2011 na littafin littafin tabbatarwarsa, kasa da rabin lokacin da aka dauka don sake bugawa daga Gyaran baya, littafinsa wahayi na 2001).

Idan ba don Andreas Wolf ba, Tsabta, maimakon wani labari ci gaba na nasarar da Franzen dabara, zai zama a fili wani irin Libertad 2 

Iyalai masu rugujewa da cuɗanya da alaƙar jima'i (idan kuma duka) Libertad An riga an sami labarai masu ban sha'awa da yawa game da batun, a nan, mai tsanani, akwai jima'i da yawa a cikin wannan littafin, da yawa da yawa, yana da kyau, Franzen, cewa kun kasance gundura, gaske, kuna da nauyi sosai, me yasa kowa ba zai iya yin jima'i na al'ada ba da kuma cewa al'amarin bai shagaltu da wani tushe na asali na samuwarsa ba? me yasa Jonathan Franken? Me kuke kokarin gaya mana da wannan faretin na mahaukata marasa gamsuwa, rashin jin dadi da rashin koshi?).

Littafin labari na jarida a zamanin Wikileaks

Akwai wani kyakkyawa da kuma sabani a cikin gaskiyar cewa babban jigon ɓawon burodi na wannan littafi (jarida mai yawa da ke hulɗa da gwamnati da kuma ruɗewar kamfanoni) ya zama, a cikin duniyar gaske, kamar yadda Tom Aberant (dan jarida mai buri) yayi tunani. shi ne. Ta wata hanya, Tsabta ƙaddamar da edita ce ta isa teburin labarai da ɗan raguwa domin a zahiri yin kamar ana nunawa, ko kuma son yin suka, al’amarin da a wancan lokacin yake cikin halin hammatacce.

Bacewar a kafafen yada labarai na mannings y Assagnes ba da dadewa ba (wataƙila, lokacin da Franzen ya fara rubutu Tsabta) sun kasance masu ceto na ladabi na duniya, wani abu mai banƙyama da aka yi a cikin wannan littafi wanda zai iya aiki sosai a matsayin mummunan rauni (a cikin al'ummar da ba ta da kyau a cikin abin da almara ya ci gaba da cinyewa kuma yana da wani tasiri, kamar yadda a cikin shekaru hamsin). lokacin da suka dauki Nabokov riga Lolita a kotu), naushi a wuya, na waɗannan al'amuran kafofin watsa labaru na ceton ƙasa don haka sun ragu a zamaninmu, an sake komawa zuwa ga taƙaitaccen lokaci a cikin sassan duniya (takaitattun abubuwan da mai karatu ya amsa tare da kunya "ah, eh, wannan mutumin").

Yarinyar da ba ta san abin da za ta yi da rayuwarta ba, Wikileaks ta jawo hankalinta (a nan ake kira aikin hasken rana) wanda zai iya ba ta damar gano mahaifinta mai ban mamaki. A kan hanyar, mun koyi game da Andreas Wolf, shugaba mai kwarjini kuma mai son mata na wata al'umma mai ban sha'awa wanda aka nuna ta hanyar da mai karatu ba zai ji wani abu ba face tausayi da kiyayya ga mutuminsa, ban da 'yan jaridu biyu. da Mahaukaciyar macen da aka ambata a sama, don kare mutuncin wanda ba shi da ɓarna ba, kawai za mu lakafta a matsayin block. Libertad na littafin, ko kuma, ƙaƙƙarfan ra'ayi / hoto na baƙin ciki, bakin ciki, amma duk da haka mai yuwuwa ne kawai, tsakiyar shekarun rayuwar Amurkawa.

Jonathan Franzen da Foster Wallace

Anan Wikileaks ana kiranta aikin hasken rana

Game da mata da/ko yakin jinsi, muna samun hanyoyi da yawa. A daya hannun muna da Pip Tyler, mai girman kai kuma a lokaci guda kuma ya sunkuyar da ita kunya buƙata zama kusa da namiji, ko Aikin Hasken Rana, gabaɗayan al'umma na batsa (tare da kusan Gaddafist idan aka zo batun Andreas Wolf's harem na mata), kuma, a gefe guda, muna samun ɗimbin ɗimbin 'yan mata masu zaman kansu, masu baki da fushi. Kuma kishi. Da hassada.

A wasu lokuta wannan labari ya zama kamar hujja ga wanzuwar labarai kamar wanda ake kira DAJonathan Franzen dan jima'i ne? Muna da uwa daya tilo, mace mai burin zama uwa, gungun 'yan mata masu son yin komai kuma, a karshe, Har yanzu rayuwar abin da Franzen ya ɗauka yana faruwa a cikin al'ummar mata a cikin 2015.

Duniya na 2015 a cewar Franzen.

Wataƙila ba za ku yarda gaba ɗaya ba tare da Jonathan Franzen da kuma wannan ƙiyayya ga Intanet (yana da kyau a ba da fifiko ga wani ɓangaren maƙala wanda Intanet da karkatar da shi da jujjuyawar sa ake kwatanta shi da aikin Stasi da tsarin mulkin jamhuriyar Dimokuradiyya ita kanta Jamus); za ka iya saba da hanyar da za a sauƙaƙe matasa (a gaskiya, ya kamata ka), kuma za ka iya tunanin cewa wasu mafita a cikin mãkirci sha wahala daga gratuitousness da wuce haddi farin ciki coincidence, kuma wannan ba yana nufin cewa wannan labari ya ci gaba da zama mai daraja. Tsabta ya fi iri ɗaya ne, ma'ana wannan shine ci gaba mai sauƙi na matakin ingancin da aka riga aka nuna a ciki Libertad. Franzen ya ba ku abin da ya yi alkawari, da zaran kun gama wannan, kun riga kuna son karanta wani. Kuma wannan, a zamanin yau, ya riga ya yi yawa.


Jonathan Franzen, Purity
Fassarar Enrique de Hériz
Salamander, Barcelona, ​​2015
shafi 697 | Yuro 24


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