Trypophobia: binciko tsoron tsarin rami

Mutum ya tsorata da trypophobia

Trypophobia wani lamari ne na tunani wanda ya sami kulawa sosai a cikin 'yan shekarun nan saboda yawan mutanen da ke da'awar sun fuskanci wannan yanayin. Siffata ta a tsoro ko kyama ga alamu na ramuka ko ƙanana, masu tari, trypophobia ya haifar da sha'awar al'ummar kimiyya. Ko da yake ba a gane shi a matsayin rashin lafiya na hukuma ba a cikin Litattafan Bincike da Ƙididdiga na Cutar Hauka (DSM), tasirin sa ga waɗanda suka fuskanci shi yana da mahimmanci.

A cikin wannan labarin, za mu bincika dalla-dalla abin da ake nufi da trypophobia, yadda take bayyana kanta, yiwuwar bayyana ra'ayoyin, da kuma yadda ake fuskantar wannan sabon abu. Kasance tare da mu don gano duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da shi la trypophobia: binciko tsoron alamun ramuka.

Menene trypophobia?

Tsirrai na tsire-tsire na rukuni na iya haifar da trypophobia a wasu mutane

Trypophobia shine tsoro (phobia) ko kyama ga maimaita tsarin geometric na ramuka ko ƙanana, cunkoso masu yawa.. Misalai na waɗannan ƙungiyoyi ana yawan samun su a yanayi, kamar kudan zuma, gidajen kudan zuma ko a wasu tsire-tsire. Su ne alamu waɗanda ke da alaƙa da yanayin su, maimaitawa da tsari na yau da kullun, wato, suna bin tsarin rarraba abubuwan su.

Wasu mutane suna jin baƙin ciki sosai lokacin da suke kallon waɗannan alamu, suna haifar da alamu iri-iri: daga rashin jin daɗi ko raɗaɗi, zuwa sanyi da kuma a cikin mafi munin bayyanar cututtuka na jiki kamar gumi ko ma tashin hankali.

Trypophobia bayyanar cututtuka

Hoton fasaha na yarinya tare da rumman alamar trypophobia

Kamar yadda muka ambata a baya, mutanen da ke da trypophobia na iya samun amsoshi iri-iri ga abubuwan da ke haifar da ƙiyayyarsu. Wasu daga cikin abubuwan da aka fi sani sun haɗa da:

  • Tsananin jin rashin jin daɗi ko ɓata rai lokacin kallon hotuna, abubuwa, ko filaye tare da tsarin rami mai tari.
  • ji na jiki, kamar itching, sanyi, tashin zuciya o gumi, lokacin saduwa da abubuwan motsa jiki na tripophobic.
  • Halayen kaucewa fuskantar yanayi ko motsa jiki wanda zai iya haifar da tsoro ko rashin jin daɗi da ke da alaƙa da trypophobia.

Trypophobia a cikin shahararrun al'adu da kimiyya

Mace mai ban sha'awa a cikin ja tare da dunƙule ko'ina a jikinta za ta ƙunshi trypophobia

Trypophobia ya sami ganuwa a cikin shahararrun al'adu da kuma a kan kafofin watsa labarun, Inda ake raba hotuna da bidiyo da ke haifar da martani ga wasu mutane.

Duk da haka, trypophobia ba a gane shi azaman cuta ce ta hukuma a cikin binciken bincike da kididdiga na rikice-rikicen hankali, kamar DSM-5. Wasu masu bincike suna jayayya cewa ko da yake trypophobia na iya zama ainihin kwarewa kuma mai raɗaɗi ga waɗanda suka fuskanci shi, ana buƙatar ƙarin bincike don fahimtar shi sosai da kuma rarraba shi a matsayin rashin lafiya.

Mahimman Bayani da Ka'idodin Trypophobia: Binciken Tsoron Tsarin Ramin

tsarin geometric na pollen akan sunflower

Duk da cewa ba a fahimce ta kwata-kwata ba, wasu masu bincike da masana sun ba da shawara iri-iri don bayyana asalinsa da bayyanarsa. Muna gabatar da wasu mafi dacewa da ka'idojin da masana kimiyya suka yarda da su:

  • Ka'idodin juyin halitta da rayuwa: A cewar wannan ka'idar, trypophobia na iya samun tushen juyin halitta. Wasu suna ba da shawarar cewa tsarin ramin da aka taru na iya haifar da amsa ƙararrawa ko alamun haɗari a cikin kwakwalwar ɗan adam, wanda zai haifar da ƙiyayya ko tsoro. An yi jayayya cewa waɗannan alamu na iya haɗawa da dabbobi masu guba ko cututtuka masu kama da juna.
  • Tsarin gani da fahimi: Wannan tsarin yana ba da shawarar cewa trypophobia yana da alaƙa da yadda kwakwalwarmu ke aiwatarwa da kuma gane alamu na gani. Ana ba da shawarar cewa tsarin ramuka masu tari na iya haifar da wuce gona da iri a wasu sassan kwakwalwar da ke da alhakin sarrafa gani da fahimi, yana haifar da martani mai ban tsoro.
  • Kulawa da koyo: Wasu masu bincike sun ba da shawarar cewa trypophobia na iya zama sakamakon mummunan yanayin haɗin gwiwa ko ilmantarwa. Idan mutum ya sami wani mummunan yanayi ko mai ban tsoro da ke da alaƙa da motsa jiki na motsa jiki, za su iya haifar da ƙiyayya ga waɗannan takamaiman alamu.

Trypophobia jiyya

Mara lafiya a cikin shawarwari tare da masanin ilimin halayyar dan adam

Tun da ba a gane trypophobia a matsayin cuta ta asibiti ba, babu takamaiman daidaitattun jiyya don magance shi. Duk da haka, wasu dabarun da zasu iya taimakawa wajen sarrafa trypophobia sun haɗa da:

  • Maganin fallasa: Ya ƙunshi ƙaddamar da mutumin da abin ya shafa a hankali a hankali da kuma sarrafa shi ga abubuwan motsa jiki na tripophobic, yawanci ta hanyar gabatar da su da hotuna masu tayar da wannan tsoro. Dabarar lalata tsarin ilmantarwa ce mai sharadi inda kwakwalwar wanda abin ya shafa ta sake sanin cewa ba haxari ba ne na gaske, don haka rage ɓacin rai ko damuwa da ke da alaƙa da abubuwan motsa jiki na tripophobic. Ana yin wannan fasaha a cikin yanayi mai aminci da sarrafawa tare da goyan bayan ƙwararrun lafiyar hankali.
  • Dabarun shakatawa: Yin dabarun shakatawa, kamar numfashi mai zurfi, tunani, ko shakatawa na tsoka mai ci gaba, na iya taimakawa rage alamun damuwa ko rashin jin daɗi yayin fuskantar abubuwan motsa jiki. Amfanin tunani na asibiti an tabbatar da su a kimiyyance, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa yawanci kayan aiki ne mai ƙarfi wajen magance cututtuka da yawa, na jiki da na hankali. A wannan ma'anar, wasu hanyoyin kamar yoga da Pilates kuma sun tabbatar da cewa suna da tasiri sosai a matsayin fasaha na mayar da hankali da sarrafa jiki wanda, saboda haka, yana da tasiri mai kyau a kan hankali, yana rage kowane nau'i na damuwa ko damuwa.
  • Fahimtar-Halayen Therapy (CBT): a cikin mafi tsanani lokuta, fahimi hali far iya zama da amfani. Wannan maganin yana mai da hankali kan ganowa da canza yanayin tunani mara kyau ko maras kyau (sake fasalin fahimi) da ke da alaƙa da trypophobia, da haɓaka ƙwarewa don magance tsoro yadda ya kamata.
  • Taimako da ilimi: Neman tallafi daga dangi, abokai, ko ƙungiyoyin tallafi na iya zama taimako ga waɗanda suka fuskanci trypophobia. Hakanan, ilmantar da kanku game da al'amarin da fahimtar cewa ba ku kaɗai ba a cikin ƙwarewar ku na iya zama mai ta'aziyya. Mu tuna cewa dan Adam dabba ne na zamantakewa kuma tallafin kungiya ("garkiya") koyaushe yana taimakawa sosai don magance kowace cuta ko cuta.

Kar ku ji tsoro, trypophobia yana da mafita

Furen da ke girma a tsakanin tsagewar kwalta na nuna juriya

A cikin wannan labarin mun ga yadda cin zarafi ya sami sha'awar al'umma kuma ya haifar da muhawara a cikin al'ummar kimiyya. Ko da yake ba a la'akari da rashin lafiya na asibiti ba, mutane da yawa suna fuskantar wannan ƙiyayya ko tsoron rashin hankali na tsarin ramuka.

Ka'idoji akan trypophobia sun haɗa da juyin halitta, sarrafa gani, da bayanin fahimi, gami da daidaitawa da koyo. Babu wata ƙa'ida ta ƙayyadaddun tsari don yin aiki a cikin yanayin wannan yanayin, duk da haka an ga cewa bayyanar da hankali ga abubuwan motsa jiki na tripophobic, fasaha na shakatawa da farfadowa-halayen halayen na iya taimakawa mutane su sarrafa alamun da ke hade da trypophobia.

Yayin da ake ci gaba da bincikar wannan al'amari, ana sa ran ƙarin fahimtar abubuwan da ke haifar da shi da kuma yiwuwar rarrabuwa na trypophobia a matsayin cuta da aka sani. Don haka Idan kun sha wahala daga tripophobia ko tunanin za ku iya sha wahala daga gare ta, kada ku ji tsoro, kimiyya koyaushe yana ci gaba a cikin yardar ku kuma a yau mun riga mun sami ingantattun dabaru waɗanda ke taimakawa wajen inganta alamunta har ma da kawar da su gaba ɗaya. Akwai fatan samun ingantacciyar lafiya.


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