Watanni ko Tauraron Dan Adam na Mars: Phobos da Deimos

Ba duniyarmu kadai take da wata ba, galibin halittun sararin samaniya da suke da tsarin hasken rana suna da fiye da wata daya, irin na duniyar Mars, wacce ke da siffofi guda biyu na tauraron dan adam da ake ci gaba da nazari. Koyi a cikin wannan labarin duk game da tauraron dan adam na Mars.

tauraron dan adam na Mars

Menene watannin Mars?

Duniyar Mars tana da tauraron dan adam guda biyu, wadanda kuma ake kira Moon, kananan su kuma sunayensu Phobos da Deimos, ana kyautata zaton cewa su asteroids ne da ake tsare da su da karfin jajayen duniya, da alama sun fito ne daga bel ɗin steroid wanda suke tsakiyar Mars da Jupiter ko kuma suna iya fitowa daga iyakokin Tsarin Rana.

Asaph Hall, wani masanin falaki dan kasar Amurka ne ya samo wadannan tauraron dan adam a shekara ta 1877. ’Ya’yan Ares ne suka ba ta suna, Allah na Yaƙi na Hellenanci, wanda a cikin Roman akwai Allah Mars: Phobos na nufin tsoro kuma Deimos na nufin firgici ko tsoro.

Kafin ainihin ganowar watannin Mars, akwai hasashe game da samuwarsa. Johannes Kepler ya annabta adadin tauraron dan adam a wannan duniyar a cikin karni na XNUMX, duk da haka, ya yi haka ne kawai ta hanyar ilimin lissafi, saboda a lokacin an ɗauka cewa Jupiter tauraron dan adam suna da watanni 4, duniya daya kawai kuma ta hanyar cirewa Kepler ya ce Mars tana da watanni 2.

Waɗannan watannin suna daga cikin mafi ƙanƙanta a tsarin hasken rana.

Kamar yadda suke?

Phobos shine mafi girman wata, da gaske yayi kama da faffadan asteroid. Phobos da Deimos koyaushe suna nuna fuska iri ɗaya a cikin alkiblar duniyarsu. Dukansu biyu suna nutsewa cikin ƙura, dutsen da ba a kwance ba kuma sun fito ne daga wurare mafi duhu na tsarin hasken rana.

Masanin falaki Asaph Hall ya ci gaba da binciken watannin Mars, har zuwa daren watan Agusta na shekara ta 1877 da ya bari, godiya ce ga matarsa ​​da ta karfafa masa gwiwar ci gaba da binciken. A daren na gaba ya gano Phobos kuma bayan kwana shida ya bayyana Deimos.

Bayan shekaru casa'in da hudu, Mariner 9 ya yi nasarar lura da tauraron dan adam guda biyu mafi kyawu daga sararin samaniyar duniyar Mars, inda ya gano wani rami a Phobos kimanin kilomita 10 a diamita.

Hanyar motsi na Phobos da Deimos ya bambanta da na wata ta duniya:

  • Phobos: yana tafiya da sauri ya zauna a Gabas kuma yana ƙaruwa a yamma bayan sa'o'i goma sha ɗaya.
  • Ka ce: idan ya yi tafiya daga Gabas har ma ya dauki kwanaki 2,7 ya zauna saboda jujjuyawar sa, wanda ya fi na Mars hankali, sai ya dauki sa'o'i 30 kacal kafin ya wuce.

Deimos

A cikin 1977, an dauki hoton Deimos a karon farko ta UKing 1. Siffar sa ba ta da kyau sosai kuma tana gauraye shi da duwatsu masu wadatar kankara da carbon.

An yi tunanin cewa asteroid ne kuma tare da kewayarsa ya canza yanayin jupiter kuma daga baya Mars ya dakatar da shi. Ya fi daidai da girma fiye da Phobos kuma yana da kusan kilomita 30 a diamita.

Mafi qarancin wata a tsarin hasken rana shine Deimos, yana da kashi dubu ɗaya kacal na ƙarfin gravitational na duniya. Mutum mai kilo 80 zai yi tunanin kimanin gram 80 na tauraron dan adam. Wannan sinadari mai ja da duhu (Deimos) yana ɗaukar awoyi 30 kafin ya gama kewaya duniyar Mars.

Idan muka lura da shi daga duniyar Mars, Deimos aya ce kawai a sararin sama, mai wuyar bambanta tsakanin taurari. Idan muka lura da shi daga Deimos, Mars ya fi girma sau dubu kuma sau ɗari huɗu mafi haske fiye da cikakken wata da aka gani daga Duniya.

Akwai layukan geologic guda biyu kawai akan Deimos. Voltaire, a cikin labarinsa Micromegas, yayi magana game da watanni biyu na Mars. Don haka ne daya daga cikin ramukan Deimos ya dauki sunansa da wani na Swift, saboda alakarsa da tauraron dan adam na Martian, a cikin ruwayarsa ta Gulliver's Travels.

tauraron dan adam na Mars

A lokacin da waɗannan masu binciken za su yi magana game da wata na Mars, ba su riga sun bayyana ko gano shi ba, Deimos dan Ares da Aphrodite ne, alloli na soyayya da yaki.

Phobos

Yana da ɗan girma fiye da Deimos kuma kewayensa yana da nisan kilomita 6000 kawai daga saman, babu wani tauraron dan adam da yake kusa da duniyarsa kamar Phobos. Yana kewaya duniyar Mars kamar sau uku a rana.

Kowane karni Phobos yana kusantar duniyar mita biyu, don haka a cikin kimanin shekaru miliyan 50 zai yi karo da duniyar Mars ko kuma ta lalace kuma sassanta zasu haifar da zobe a kewayen duniyar. A gefen duhun wannan wata akwai ramummuka da dama da zoben ramuka.

Layin Geological Lines na Phobos sun samo suna daga labarun Jonathan Swift a cikin Gulliver's Travels, inda wasu masana ilmin taurari suka gano tauraron dan adam guda biyu a duniyar Mars, sai Kepler Dorsum daga baya, mai suna don girmama Johannes Kepler.

A cikin 2014, Rashawa sun aika da bincike mai suna Phobos-Grunt, don samo samfurori daga saman Phobos. Wataƙila lokacin da aka sami ƙarin bayani game da waɗannan baƙon watanni, dole ne a canza musu suna.

Ta yaya watannin Mars suka yi?

Mars tana da watanni na musamman guda biyu, wadanda sun fi na duniyar wata kamar taurari. tsarin duniya. Phobos da Deimos sun samo asali ne kimanin shekaru biliyan 4000 da suka wuce, shekaru miliyan 600 bayan an kafa tsarin hasken rana, amma haihuwarsu ta kasance abin ban mamaki. F

Bisa ga littafin da aka buga a Ci gaban Kimiyya na baya-bayan nan, dukkan watannin biyu sun samo asali ne daga duwatsun Martian da aka ƙi zuwa sararin samaniya bayan sun yi karo da wani abu kimanin shekaru biliyan 4000 da suka wuce.

A halin yanzu, ana gudanar da hasashen biyu game da haihuwar tauraron dan adam na Mars (Phobos da Deimos), tare da yanki na 22 da kilomita 12, bi da bi. Duk da haka, daya kawai daga cikinsu aka amince.

Ana kiyaye cewa su taurari ne na gaske, suna fitowa daga bel ɗin da ke tsakanin Mars da Jupiter, wanda jajayen duniya ya tsaya. Siffar samansa, mai cike da ramuka masu bayyana haske, yayi kama da na taurari.


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