Bambance-bambance tsakanin alligators da crocodiles: cikakken kwatancen dabbobi masu rarrafe biyu masu ban sha'awa

Rufe hoton kada

Alligators da crocodiles biyu ne daga cikin dabbobi masu rarrafe da ake firgita da ban sha'awa a duniya. Wadannan halittu sun rayu tsawon miliyoyin shekaru kuma sun saba da wuraren zama na ruwa daban-daban a sassa daban-daban na duniya. Duk da cewa danginsu daya ne. Crocodylidae, da kuma raba fasali da yawa, akwai kuma bambance-bambance masu mahimmanci a tsakanin su.

A cikin wannan labarin, za mu bincika mahimman bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin alligators da crocodiles dangane da kamanninsu na zahiri, rarraba yanki, ɗabi'a, da mazauninsu. Kasance tare da mu don koyon duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da Bambance-bambance Tsakanin Alligators da Kadarori: Cikakken Kwatancen Dabbobin Dabbobin Dabbobi Biyu.

Siffar jiki da ilimin halittar jiki

Bambance-bambancen dabi'a tsakanin kada da alligator

Dukansu alligators da crocodiles manyan dabbobi masu rarrafe ne masu rarrafe masu kiba, fatar fata, da dogon hanci. Duk da haka, akwai wasu halaye da suka bambanta su.

Crocodiles sun fi girma fiye da alligators. Wasu nau'ikan kada, irin su kada na ruwa (Crocodylus porosus), na iya kaiwa tsayin har zuwa mita 6 ko fiye, wanda hakan zai sa su zama dabbobi masu rarrafe mafi girma a duniya. Aligators, a wannan bangaren, gabaɗaya sun fi ƙanƙanta, tare da mafi yawan nau'o'in nau'i na jere daga 1.5 zuwa 3 mita tsayi.

Ɗayan babban bambance-bambancen gani da ke tsakanin su biyun shine siffar maƙallan su. Kadai suna da kunkuntar, mafi nuna siffa "V" snoutsyayin da alligators suna da mafi fadi, masu zagaye "U" santsi.

Har ila yau, lokacin da kada suka rufe bakinsu, wasu hakora na sama suna toshewa waje, wanda ya nuna suna murmushi. yayin da a cikin alligators, hakora na sama ba su ganuwa idan suka rufe baki

Rarraba yanki

Ana samun alligators da crocodiles a sassa daban-daban na duniya, ko da yake kewayon rarraba su a wasu lokuta yakan yi karo da juna.

Crocodiles sun fi bambanta, ana samun su a wurare masu zafi da wurare masu zafi na Afirka, Asiya, Australia, da Amurka. Wasu sanannun jinsunan kada sun haɗa da kada na Nilu (Crocodylus niloticus) a Afirka, kada ruwa mai gishiri (Crocodylus porosus) a Ostiraliya da kuma kada Amurka (Crocodylus acutus) A Amurka.

A gefe guda, Alligators sun fito ne daga Amurka ta Tsakiya da Kudancin Amurka. Wasu sanannun jinsuna sune black caiman (Melanosuchus Niger) a cikin kwarin Amazon da kuma spectacled caiman (alligator crocodilus) da aka samu a yankuna daban-daban na Kudancin Amurka.

Hali da mazauni

kada mai ruwa da ruwa

Ko da yake duka alligators da crocodiles halittu ne masu rarrafe a cikin ruwa, halaye da halayensu na iya bambanta kaɗan.

Kadai yakan fi jure wa ruwan jaki da ruwa fiye da alligators., ba su damar zama a wurare daban-daban, tun daga koguna da tafkuna zuwa tudu da mangroves. An san su mafi m da kuma aiki a cikin ruwa, musamman a lokacin kiwo. Su ma ƙwararrun ƴan ninkaya ne kuma suna iya tafiya mai nisa cikin ruwa.

Alligators, a gefe guda, sun fi son wuraren zama na ruwa.kamar fadama, koguna da tafkuna. Sun fi dacewa da wuraren zama masu sanyaya kuma suna iya jure yanayin zafi fiye da kada. Hakanan kwararru ne a harkar kama-karya, wanda ya sa su yi fice don fakewa a cikin ciyayi da kuma bin abin da suka gani.

Ta fuskar zamantakewa, duka crocodiles da alligators galibinsu kadai ne, amma ana iya samuwa a cikin rukuni a lokacin lokacin jima'i da kuma wuraren zama.

Haihuwa da kuma tsawon rai

jariri kada mai kyankyaso daga kwai

Game da haifuwa, babu wasu manyan bambance-bambance tsakanin alligators da crocodiles, suna kama da juna a duka. Dukansu alligators da crocodiles dabbobin oviparous ne.Wato suna yin kwai. Bugu da ƙari, suna nuna halayen kulawa na iyaye don karewa da tabbatar da rayuwar matasan su.

Dangane da tsawon rayuwa, crocodiles gabaɗaya suna da tsawon rayuwa fiye da alligators. Crocodiles na iya rayuwa fiye da shekaru 70, har ma wasu nau'ikan na iya kaiwa shekaru 100 a karkashin yanayi mai kyau. Yayin Alligators sukan rayu tsakanin shekaru 30 zuwa 50 a matsakaici. Duk da haka, a cikin waɗannan lokuta biyu dabbobi ne masu tsayi da yawa.

Murya

Daya daga cikin sanannen bambance-bambance tsakanin kada da masu kida shine yadda suke yin surutu. Alligators an san su don samar da nau'in resonant, kira mara ƙarfi da aka sani da "sa." Ana iya jin wannan sautin a lokacin jima'i kuma nau'i ne na sadarwa tsakanin mutane.

Kada, a daya bangaren kuma, ba a san su da surutu da kuma gaba daya sun fi shuru, ko da yake an tabbatar da cewa suna fitar da sautin guttural da kururuwa a lokacin tsaro ko yanayin zawarcinsu.

Yanayin kiyayewa

Dukansu 'yan iska da crocodiles sun fuskanci kalubalen kiyayewa saboda lalata wuraren zama, farauta, da kuma tsananta wa mutane..

Koyaya, matsayin nau'ikan nau'ikan alligators da crocodiles sun bambanta sosai ta yanki. Wasu nau'in suna cikin haɗari ko barazana (kamar "Cuban kada"), yayin da wasu ke da kwanciyar hankali. ko ma an yi la'akari da mafi ƙarancin damuwa (kamar "waƙar Nil crocodile").

A halin da ake ciki, an aiwatar da ayyukan kiyayewa da yawa a sassa daban-daban na duniya don tabbatar da kare waɗannan nau'ikan da wuraren zama. A yankuna da yawa, yawon shakatawa da ilimin muhalli sun taimaka wajen wayar da kan jama'a game da mahimmancin adana waɗannan dabbobi masu rarrafe masu ban sha'awa da kuma muhimmiyar rawar da suke takawa a cikin muhallin ruwa.

Ciyarwa da rawa a cikin yanayin yanayin ruwa

Farautar kada jarirai jarirai

Alligators da crocodiles masu cin nama ne, suna cin abinci da farko akan kifi, tsuntsayen ruwa, kananan dabbobi masu shayarwa, da sauran dabbobi. suna samun a cikin yanayin ruwa da suke rayuwa a ciki. Wasu nau'ikan alligators da crocodiles suna iya ciyar da gawa lokaci-lokaci, wanda ke nufin suna cinye matattun dabbobi.

Kasancewar su manyan mafarauta ne ya ba su muhimmiyar rawa wajen daidaita yanayin halittun ruwa. Matsayinsu na ƙwararrun mafarauta yana nufin cewa ba su da maharbi na halitta da za su iya sarrafa adadinsu don haka za su iya daidaita yawan ganimarsu yadda ya kamata, don haka suna taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen kiyaye tsarin al'ummomin ruwa.

Daban-daban amma masu alaƙa: bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin alligators da crocodiles sun sa su zama na musamman a cikin nau'in su

Alligator ya zauna a kasa

Dukansu alligators da crocodiles halittu ne masu ban mamaki da ban mamaki waɗanda suka bunƙasa tsawon miliyoyin shekaru. Ko da yake danginsu ɗaya ne, bambance-bambancen jikinsu, rarrabawarsu, ɗabi'a, da mazauninsu ya sa su zama na musamman ta hanyarsu.. Tun daga ɓangarorin Ostiraliya har zuwa dazuzzukan Kudancin Amirka, waɗannan dabbobi masu rarrafe suna ci gaba da jan hankalin masu bincike da masu sha'awar yanayi iri ɗaya, suna tunatar da mu kyawu da bambancin rayuwa a duniyarmu.

Kariya da kiyaye waɗannan kyawawan dabbobi masu rarrafe suna da mahimmanci don tabbatar da cewa sun kasance wani sashe na ɓangarorin halittun ruwa kuma su ci gaba da ba mu mamaki da kasancewarsu mai girma na shekaru masu zuwa.

Muna fatan cewa ta hanyar waɗannan kalmomi kun sami damar fahimtar bambance-bambance tsakanin alligators da crocodiles: cikakken kwatancen dabbobi masu rarrafe guda biyu masu ban sha'awa.


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