Tarihin José Emilio Pacheco: Rayuwarsa da Ayyukansa

Tare da salo na musamman, José Emilio Pacheco, fitaccen marubucin adabin Mexican na ƙarni na XNUMX, kuma ƙwararren ƙwararren ƙwararrun waɗannan lokutan, ya zama ɗaya daga cikin fitattun mambobi na abin da ake kira Tsakanin Ƙarni, saboda adabinsa. al'ada. da kuma waka hankali. Muna gayyatar ku don gano cikakkun bayanai na Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco.

Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco

Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco

La Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco ya gaya mana cewa wannan babban marubucin adabi ɗan María del Carmen Berny Abreu ne da José María Pacheco Chi, an haifi José Emilio Pacheco Berny a 183 Guanajuato Street a unguwar Roma a birnin Mexico a ranar 30 ga Yuni, 1939, yana zaune a can da yawa daga cikin gidansa. yarinta, sannan ya koma birnin Veracruz inda ya zauna tare da kakanninsa.

Ƙaddamar da shi zuwa wallafe-wallafen ya samo asali ne saboda wasu muhimman abubuwa guda biyu, na farko shine gano wani babban ɗakin karatu na iyali, na biyu kuma, kwarewa tare da Farfesa Moreno Tagle, wanda ya hadu da shi yana da kimanin shekaru goma sha biyar kuma wanda ya jagoranci. shi a cikin karatunsa na farko da kuma gaskiyar sanin wallafe-wallafen Mexican.

Duk da haka, sha'awar wallafe-wallafen ya fara ne tun yana ƙarami, sa'ad da yake ɗan shekara 8 ya halarci wasan kwaikwayo na kiɗa na Don Quixote de la Mancha, wanda Salvador Novo ya jagoranta, a Palacio de Bellas Artes a Mexico City; kuma bisa ga kalamansa, wannan nuni ya nuna masa cewa harshen da aka haife shi a cikinsa «na iya zama ga waɗanda suka san yadda ake amfani da shi, wani abu mai kama da kiɗa na wasan kwaikwayo, launuka na tufafi da kuma gidajen da suke. haskaka matakin».

Bisa ga biography José Emilio Pacheco, ya auri Mexican jarida da marubuci Cristina Romo Hernández, a 1962, tare da wanda ya haifi 'ya'ya mata biyu: Laura Emilia da Cecilia. Cristina Romo Hernández ta yi fice wajen rubuta labaran yara marasa adadi, kuma ta ba ta lambar yabo mai mahimmanci da kuma karramawa, gami da lambar yabo ta aikin jarida ta kasa.

Marubucin José Emilio Pacheco ya mutu a ranar 26 ga Janairu, 2014, yana da shekaru 74, a Cibiyar Nazarin Kiwon Lafiya ta Kasa da Abinci a Mexico City, saboda kamawar zuciya. An kwantar da José Emilio Pacheco a asibiti kwana daya da ta gabata bayan da ya sha fadowa a lokacin da ya yi tir da littafan da aka adana a cikin bincikensa lokacin da kawai ya rubuta shafinsa na "Inventory" na "Proceso" na mako-mako, yana bugun kansa da karfi. "Ya tafi a hankali, ya tafi lafiya," in ji 'yarsa ƙaunataccen Laura Emilia Pacheco. Ya shiga tarihi a matsayin daya daga cikin manyan kasashen Latin Amurka tare da wasu marubuta irin su Chavez Nogales.

Jose Emilio Pacheco

tasirin adabi

Bugu da kari, da Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco yana kusantar da mu ga marubutan da ya fi so. A cikin lokacinsa na kyauta zai karanta ayyukan marubuta Jules Verne, Oscar Wilde, Manuel Payno, Amado Nervo, Jorge Luis Borges, Alfonso Reyes da Rubén Darío, ba tare da kirga ziyarar da wasu fitattun marubuta irin su José Vasconcelos, Héctor Pérez suka yi ba. Martinez, Juan de la Cabada, Juan José Arreola, da sauransu, zuwa gidan iyayensa, inda yaron José Emilio bai gaji da sauraron su ba da koyo daga gare su, da abubuwan da suka faru.

A lokacin ƙuruciyarsa, kakanninsa sun ba shi labari mai suna Quo Vadis, kuma ya yi fassarar yara don ya wuce inda marubucin ya bar shi, yana nuna yadda zai iya ci gaba da abin da wasu suka fara.

Tun daga wannan lokacin tarihin José Emilio ya ci gaba da shiga cikin duniyar wakoki, tarihin tarihi, litattafai, gajerun labarai, labari, fassarar da sukar adabi, a cikin shekaru masu zuwa na rayuwarsa, ya bayyana tare da manyan mawakan Latin Amurka kamar Carlos Monsiváis. , Eduardo Lizalde, Sergio Pitol, Juan Vicente Melo, Juan García Ponce, Salvador Elizondo, da Sergio Galindo, da sauransu.

Ya fara rubutawa tun yana matashi, yana buga labaransa a jaridu da mujallun dalibai na Makarantar Shirye a 1955 mai suna 'Proa', a Mérida tsakanin 1956 zuwa 1958 ya rubuta a cikin 'Diario de Yucatán' da 'Diario del Sureste'; a Faculty of Law ya rubuta karatun dalibai 'Indice' (1957) da 'Letras Nuevas', na karshen don Falsafa da Wasika a Jami'ar Kasa ta Kasa ta Mexico (UNAM).

Ya kasance wani ɓangare na hangen nesa na bohemian da na duniya na zamaninsa, yana magana da jigogi kamar sararin samaniyar yara da fantasy, tarihi da lokacin hawan keke, har ma da birni da mutuwa kanta. Labarinsa ya yi fice wajen tattauna rayuwa a wannan zamani, da kuma yin amfani da harshe na wucin gadi wanda ba shi da sauƙi a cikin adabi da fasaharsa na fasaha.

Jose Emilio Pacheco

Karatunsa

Bayanin bayanan Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco ya bayyana mana cewa ya karanta Law and Letter a UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) kuma a nan ya fara a cikin mujallar Medio Siglo, ya yi watsi da karatunsa yana ɗan shekara 19 don sadaukar da kansa gaba ɗaya ga adabi.

Ya kafa jagorancin kari na Ramas Nuevas na mujallar Estaciones da ma'aikatan edita na UNAM (Jami'ar Kasa da Kasa ta Mexico). Ya kuma yi aiki a matsayin babban editan kari na México en la cultura.

Ya kuma jagoranci dakin karatu na daliban jami'a, bugu da kari, memba na Kwalejin Kasa tun 1986. Ya yi aiki a matsayin mai bincike a Sashen Nazarin Tarihi na INAH (National Institute of Anthropology and History), inda aikinsa ya kasance a kan ilimin tarihi. sake gina rayuwa Al'adun Mexica na ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, wannan ya rinjayi José Emilio Pacheco don faɗaɗa ra'ayinsa game da rayuwa, ana nunawa a yawancin ayyukansa. Takaddun tarihi daban-daban sun fito daga wannan aikin, yawancinsu an fassara su zuwa harsuna daban-daban.

Ya kasance malami a jami'o'i daban-daban a Mexico, a Jami'ar Maryland (College Park) da Jami'ar Essex, da sauransu a Amurka, Kanada da Ingila.

Kashin bayan ayyukansa shine shudewar zamani, rayuwa da mutuwa. A nasa bangaren, aikinsa na waka da na ba da labari ya ginu ne a kan matsanancin gyare-gyare na kayan ado. Don yin wannan, yana gabatar da batutuwa irin su asarar ƙuruciya da alaƙa masu tasiri.. A mafi yawan ayyukansa, damuwarsa da sadaukar da kai da zamantakewa da tarihi ga ƙasarsa sun yi fice.

Kasidunsa da kasidunsa suna da alaƙa da kasancewa a kan adabi, magana da lamuran siyasa da zamantakewa. An rubuta ayoyinsa a cikin harshen yau da kullum wanda ya sa su zama masu saukin yaudara, kuma waƙarsa yakan zama abin ban tsoro.

Jose Emilio Pacheco 5

Ayyukan Jose Emilio Pacheco

Wani fasalin ayyukansa na yau da kullun shine sabuntawa da sake dubawa akai-akai, tunda ya ɗauki adabi a matsayin mai ƙarfi da canzawa. José Emilio Pacheco ya fahimci wallafe-wallafe a matsayin wani abu da ke motsawa, canje-canje, wanda ya sa ya sake karantawa, ingantawa da kuma sake nazarin ayyukansa, a cikin sha'awar zargi da kansa. Tunaninsa na sake rubutawa ya ƙunshi tattaunawa tare da rubutun baya.

A bikin bayar da lambar yabo ta Cervantes, ya yi tsokaci cewa: "karanta da yawa, rubuta da yawa, buga kadan", a hakikanin gaskiya littattafansa, wadanda ba su da yawa, misali ne na sauki mai wuya, bai daina gyara kansa ba. Domin abin da ya yi la'akari da rubuce-rubucen da ba su da iyaka, aikin da aka gyara kullum ba kawai ta hanyar marubucin ba, har ma ta hanyar hulɗa da masu karatu.

José Antonio Pascual Rodríguez, memba na juri na Cervantes Prize kuma wakilin Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), yana nufin José Emilio Pacheco, ya bayyana haka:

"Mawaƙin mawaƙi na musamman na rayuwar yau da kullun, tare da zurfi, 'yancin tunani, ikon ƙirƙirar duniyarsa, nesa mai ban mamaki daga gaskiya lokacin da ya cancanta, da amfani da harshe… wanda ba shi da tabbas"

José Emilio Pacheco ya bayyana fassarori tare da ma'anar kusanta, a gare shi yin fassarar wani aiki ne mai ƙirƙira wanda ya yi tare da wannan tsaka-tsakin, ba wai kawai canja wurin daga wannan harshe zuwa wani ba, amma kuma yana amfani da kerawa.

Baya ga kusantar rubutu ga manya, ya sadaukar da kansa don yin fassarar a matsayin wani aiki na ƙarin aiki, rubutu da niyyar isa ga yara, yana da masaniyar cewa an sami wallafe-wallafen tun yana ƙanana. A matsayin misali na waɗannan matani muna da "Alice ga yara" na Lewis Carrol, "Littafin kacici-kacici" na Mónica Beisner, "Circos" na Vicente Rojo, da kuma "The mirror of echoes" na Yesu Cisneros.

José Emilio Pacheco ya yi fice wajen yin amfani da kalmomi kai tsaye da sauƙi, tawali’u da na al’ada a cikin ayyukansa, waɗanda suka bambanta da yare na alama da sauran manyan mawaƙa na lokacin suka yi amfani da su. Ayoyinsa ba su da wani nau'in adon banza, kuma an fallasa su a cikin harshe na harshe, wanda ya sa su kasance masu sauƙi.

Soyayya takan zama wani sinadari da ake iya gani a ko da yaushe a matakai daban-daban, a cikin aikinsa na waqoqinsa da na riwaya; misali a cikin littafinsa mai suna “Las Batallas en el Desierto” ya ba da labarin soyayya a farkon samartaka kamar yadda yake a cikin “A farkon jin dadi” gami da jigogin batsa a wasu wakokinsa.

Ya shiga cikin mujallu na al'adu daban-daban da kari, irin su "La cultura de México, siempre!", wanda Fernando Benitez ya jagoranta, wanda ya ɗauki jagoransa kuma babban abokinsa, yana ba da gudummawa ga aikinsa yana samun babban inganci kuma ya zama sananne.

Shekaru da yawa ya yi aiki a matsayin mai ba da gudummawa ga ra'ayin siyasa da zamantakewa na Mexico da bincike mako-mako da ake kira "Proceso." Kuma a cikin jaridar Excelsior, a cikin ƙarin al'adu na Diorama, ta haskaka a cikin "kayayyakin kaya" a cikin rukuninta, kasancewar farko ginshiƙi daban-daban, don zama a hankali a hankali, jigon da aka maimaita shi ne wallafe-wallafe da marubuta; "Inventory" ya zama daya daga cikin mafi ban mamaki da kuma m ayyukan José Antonio Pacheco, daya daga cikin manyan dalilan da aka bayar da kuma gane da National Prize for Jarida a 1980.

A ƙasa za mu yi dalla-dalla ayyukansa, tare da ƙayyadaddun nau'ikan waƙoƙi, gajerun labarai, litattafai, labarai, fassarorin da tarihin tarihi. Za mu yi wannan jeri bisa tsarin lokaci.

Mawaƙa

Babu shakka waƙarsa ta kasance nau'insa, tare da matuƙar gyare-gyare na kayan ado kasancewar siffa ta farko na aikinsa na waƙa, wanda aka rubuta da harshen yau da kullun kuma mai sauƙi, wanda kowane nau'in karatu zai iya fahimta. A ko da yaushe ya kan bayyana irin sadaukarwar da kasarsa ta yi na zamantakewa da siyasa, yana mai jaddada al'amuran rayuwa da mutuwa da guguwar zamani. Bugu da kari, da yawa daga cikin wakokinsa suna cike da ban dariya, bakar barkwanci da ban dariya.

Ga José Emilio Pacheco rubutun shine kasancewarsa. "Yaren da aka haife ni a cikinsa shine kawai dukiyata", in ji shi a cikin 2010 lokacin da aka ba shi babbar lambar yabo ta Cervantes. A cewar Pacheco hangen nesa, mawaƙin shine mai sukar zamaninsa kuma masanin ilimin lissafi wanda ya damu da ma'anar tarihi, tarihi da zargi dole ne su tafi tare. Ya tabbata cewa rubutu yana da mashahurin hali, cewa ba shi da takamaiman marubuci kuma na kowa ne.

A cikin aikinsa na "Kada ku tambaye ni yadda lokaci ke wucewa", ya gabatar da rashin jin daɗi da rashin girmamawa a matsayin manyan halaye, wannan shine wanda ke nuna muhimmin canji a cikin aikinsa na waƙar. Tare da aikinsa "Za ku tafi kuma ba za ku dawo ba" yana nuna sha'awa ta musamman don yin la'akari da rashin adalci, saboda aiki ne na yanayin zamantakewa.

A cewar Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco, Shahararren marubucin adabin Mexican ya bar mana ayyuka masu zuwa a matsayin gadon waka:

  • Abubuwan Dare (1963)
  • Sauran Wuta (1966)
  • Kar ku tambaye ni Yadda Lokaci ke tashi (1969)
  • Za ku tafi ba za ku dawo ba (1973)
  • Tsibirin Drifting (1976)
  • Tun daga nan (1979)
  • Ayyukan Teku (1983)
  • Ina kallon duniya (1987)
  • Birnin Ƙwaƙwalwa (1990)
  • Shiru na Wata (1996)
  • Wandering Sand (1999)
  • Karni na Baya (2000)
  • Ba dade ko ba jima (Wakoki 1958-2009) (2009; cikakken waka, FCE)
  • Kamar ruwan sama (2009)
  • Zamanin Duhu (2009)
  • Madubin Echoes (2012)

Biography of jose emilio pacheco 1

Tatsuniyoyi

Labarunsa sun yi fice don kasancewa kwantena masu ƴan cikakkun bayanai na ado da kuma ga taƙaitaccen su. José Emilo Pachecho ya ba mu damar karanta cikin labarunsa:

Iska mai nisa (1963)

Daga cikin labaran da José Emilio Pacheco ya rubuta, akwai "Iska mai nisa" da aka rubuta a cikin 1963, inda yara ke koyon rayuwa a cikin yanayi mara kyau da rashin hankali, da kuma samari waɗanda suka fuskanci ƙazamin ƙauna na farko da jin kunyar rashin ƙima. A cikin wannan aikin, ƙi, tashin hankali da barazana suna bayyana a ɓoye lokacin da ba a sa ran su ba.

Ƙa'idar jin daɗi (1972)

A nata bangaren, The Pleasure Principle yana kunshe ne da gajerun labarai guda biyar da gajeriyar labari, inda ake bayyana soyayya da jima'i a cikin wani yanayi na karkata, karya, da lalata. Sauran labarun suna bayyana abota, ƙiyayya da dogaro, ana iya ɗaukarsu azaman labaran ban mamaki na gaskiyar da ba za a yarda da ita ba, wanda duk da canzawa kowace rana, ainihin ya kasance iri ɗaya.

Jinin Medusa da Sauran Tatsuniyoyi (1956 da 1984)

Jinin Medusa ba José Emilio Pacheco ne ya ɗauki cikinsa a matsayin littafi ba, sai dai shi ne haɗar labaran da aka rubuta a cikin shekarun farko na aikinsa, waɗanda aka buga a farkon shekarunsa a cikin mujallun da ba a san su ba, da kuma wasu masu yawa. ba a sani ba, sun tattara.

Novelas

  • Za ku mutu (1967)
  • Yaƙe-yaƙe a cikin Hamada (1981)

Za ku mutu da nisa labari ne don haka yana da hasashe, an gabatar da shi azaman gwaji mai ƙarfi wanda ke sarrafa jiragen ruwa daban-daban, wanda ke nuna labarin mutumin da ke zuwa wurin shakatawa kowace rana kuma yana iya zama ɗan banga mai lura da ayyukan. na em , wani mutum ne da ke boye a daya daga cikin gidaje da ke makwabtaka da shi kuma wanda, yayin da ya yi zargin cewa ana yi masa leken asiri, ya kalli ɗayan a hankali yana ƙoƙarin tabbatar da manufarsa.

Ba a sani ba ko Eme mai laifi ne na Nazi, ko kuma idan ɗayan ya same shi a cikin dogon zalunci da ya tsawaita tsawon shekaru. Wannan halin yanzu yana kiran yakin daular Romawa da Yahudawa da lalata Haikali na Urushalima da ci gaba zuwa korar Tassaloniki, zuwa lalata ghetto na Warsaw, don ƙare a sansanonin kawar da Yahudawa inda Nazi Jamus ke sarrafa kisan kare dangi.

Yaƙe-yaƙe a cikin jeji, ɗan gajeren labari ne na ƙwararru wanda ke ba da labari mai daɗi da ɗaci na ƙauna mai wuyar gaske, mai cike da ban sha'awa, tare da ta'addanci na yau da kullun wanda masu fafutuka suka gwammace su yarda da cewa wani abu ne mai ban mamaki da ban mamaki, wanda ya ƙunshi bangarori kamar su. asarar ƙuruciya, cin hanci da rashawa na zamantakewa da siyasa, farkon Mexico na zamani da kuma yanke ƙauna na ƙasar.

articles

Don kwatanta "Inventario", babu wani abu mafi kyau fiye da yin magana ta zahiri daga gabatarwar Juan Viloro a cikin bugu na biyu nasa:

Kalma na Juan Villoro zuwa bugu na biyu

Daga 1973 zuwa 2014, tsawon shekaru arba'in, shafi na mako-mako "Inventory" ya kasance abin da ba zai yuwu ba don fahimtar al'adu a Mexico. Babban ilimin José Emilio Pacheco ya ba wa masu karatunsa damar tuntuɓar wallafe-wallafen Mexica da na duniya, tarihi da kuma manyan al'amuran al'adu. Pacheco ya nemi fahimtar abubuwan da suka faru ta hanyar haɗa su zuwa mafi fa'ida, sau da yawa ta hanyoyin da ba zato ba tsammani.

"Inventory" ya zama daga farkon shekaru wani sabon nau'i na wallafe-wallafe, sararin samaniya inda duk abin da ya dace da kuma inda duk abin da ke da alaka da kowane abu a cikin ko da yaushe agile, masu ban sha'awa da kuma nassosi masu hankali, inda tarihi da wallafe-wallafen suka ci gaba da ketare kuma inda sukan hadu. kasancewa kafin lokuta masu mahimmanci.

A cikin nau'in "kayayyaki", tunani da bayanai, jin daɗin jin daɗi da mafi kyawun rubutu game da manyan mawaƙa na tarihi, daga Sappho zuwa Juan Gelman, a zahiri sun kasance tare. Yawancin jigoginsa sun dawo cikin sababbin "Kayayyakin Kayayyaki": Tsarin Faransanci, masu sassaucin ra'ayi na karni na sha tara na Mexico, López Velarde, Darío, Borges, Paz, zamani, Vasconcelos, kisan Obregón a matsayin saitin haruffan almara.

Pacheco ko da yaushe yana son a tattara "Kayan Kayayyakinsa" a cikin littafi, amma ba duka ba. Wannan zaɓin yana bin umarninsa kuma ya ƙunshi bangarori daban-daban na wannan shafi. Waɗannan littattafai guda uku sun haɗa da kashi uku na littattafan da aka buga kuma suna ba da cikakken bayani game da darajar da ta cancanta. Kaya. Anthology shi ne littafin José Emilio Pacheco da aka daɗe ana jira.

  • Inventory I. Anthology. 1973-1983 (2017)
  • Inventory II. Anthology. 1984-1992 (2017)
  • Inventory III. Anthology. 1993-2014 (2017)

Fassara

  • Hudu Quartets, na TS Eliot
  • Abin da Yayi kama da Samuel Beckett
  • Rayuwar Imani, na Marcel Schwob
  • Deep, ta Oscar Wilde
  • Motar Titin Mai Suna Desire ta Tennessee Williams

Anthology

Anthology na zamani (1884-1921) (1970). Mexico, UNAM: José Emilio Pacheco hadedde a cikin "Anthology na Mexican Modernism" rubutun da suka canza har abada ma'anar kalmar shaya; A cikin waɗannan matani an zana calligrams, an tattara haikus na Mexico na farko kuma ayoyin batsa na farko sun bayyana, suna nuna birane, ƙanana da kuma yanayin yanayin ƙasar.

Wannan tarihin an san shi da amfani da adabi ba ta siyasa ba. Waƙoƙin Manuel Gutierrez Nájera da Ramón López Velarde, gami da mawaƙa daga ƙungiyar taurarin zamani irin su Francisco Gonzalez León, Uba Alfredo R. Placencia, Manuel José Othón, Luis G. Urbano, da Salvador Díaz Miron.

fim da kiɗa

Ayyukan José Emilio Pacheco an yi nasarar nuna su a cikin fina-finai, kiɗa da rediyo, suna ketare iyakokin wuraren adabi. A 1972, "El Castillo de la Puridad", directed by Arturo Ripstein, da kuma rubutun da aka yi da José Emilio Pacheco, inda da wadannan 'yan wasan kwaikwayo halarci: Claudio Brook, Rita Macedo, Arturo Beristáin, Diana Bracho, María Rojo, Gladys Bermejo. da sauransu.

A cikin 1987 an samar da wani karbuwa ga labari "Yakin Hamada", wanda ake kira "Mariana, Mariana" wanda Alberto Isaac ya jagoranta, kuma Vicente Leñero ya jagoranta, tare da halartar 'yan wasan kwaikwayo Luis Mario, Gerardo Quiroz, Pedro Armendáriz Jr. , Aarón Hernán, Saby Kamalich, and Elizabeth Aguilar.

Sa'an nan kuma, a cikin 1992, an yi wani kade-kade na kade-kade bisa labarin littafin "Las Batallas en el Desierto" mai suna "Las Batallas" wanda aka gabatar a cikin Café Tacuba guda ɗaya na ƙungiyar masu luwadi.

A cikin 1995, ƙungiyar mawaƙa ta Nuevo León Symphony Orchestra ta ƙaddamar da wani aikin ban mamaki na tenor mai suna "El reso del fuego", da ƙungiyar mawaƙa ta Monterrey mawaki Gustavo A. Farías García, wanda ya haɗa da wakoki daga littafin homonymous na Jose Emilio Pacheco.

A cikin shekarun 1961-1964, an gudanar da wani shiri na mako-mako na tattaunawa da sharhi kan labaran adabi a gidan rediyon UNAM (Jami'ar mai cin gashin kanta ta Mexico) mai suna "Tsakanin littattafai" tare da halartar Carlos Monsivais, Rosario Castellanos, Juan Vicente Melo. da Sergio Pitol.

A cikin shekaru 1961-1969, "Cine Verdad" da aka buga, Chronicler na fim mako-mako, wani al'adu littafin Mexican cinemas, tare da sa hannu na Gabriel García Márquez, Julieta Campos, Carlos Fuentes, Luis Suárez da Juan Dutch.

Kuma a ƙarshe, a cikin 1968, an fitar da kundi tare da gabatarwar Eduardo Lizalde ga jama'a, tare da Voz Viva de México, daga UNAM (Jami'ar National Autonomous University of Mexico).

Awards

Ya kamata a lura cewa José Emilio Pacheco yana da ƙarancin ƙwarewa da kyaututtuka fiye da yadda ya cancanta a cikin nau'insa, saboda kasancewarsa marubuci mai hankali kuma mai ra'ayin mazan jiya, duk da haka, aikinsa ya cancanci kyauta mai daraja da mahimmanci, wanda muka kira a kasa:

  • Kyautarsa ​​ta farko ita ce Magda Donato 1967 don Za ku mutu
  • Aguas Calientes National Poetry Award 1969 don Kar ku tambaye ni yadda lokaci ke tafiya
  • An ba shi kyautar Xavier Villaurrutia a cikin 1973 don Ka'idar jin daɗi
  • Doctor Honoris Causa na Jami'ar Sinaloa mai cin gashin kansa (Nuwamba 16, 1979)
  • Bugu da ƙari, ya sami lambar yabo ta ƙasa ta aikin jarida na Mexico 1980 don Bayyana Al'adu
  • Malcom Lowry 1991 don aiki (Rubutun Adabi)
  • Kyautar ƙasa don Kimiyya da Fasaha a Fannin Harshe da Adabi 1992
  • José Asunción Silva don mafi kyawun littafin waƙa a cikin Mutanen Espanya da aka buga tsakanin 1990 zuwa 1995
  • Mazatlan na Adabi 1999
  • An ba shi kyautar José Donoso Ibero-American Prize for Letter a 2001.
  • Ya kuma sami lambar yabo ta kasa da kasa ta Octavio Paz don waka da Essay 2003
  • Waƙar Ibero-Amurka Ramón López Velarde 2003
  • Alfonso Reyes International Award 2004
  • An ba shi kyautar 2004 Pablo Neruda Ibero-American Poetry Prize.
  • Federico García Lorca 2005
  • Memba mai girma na Kwalejin Harshen Mexico (Mayu 23, 2006)
  • Kyautar Sarauniya Sofia don Waƙar Ibero-American 2009
  • Sun kuma ba shi lambar yabo ta 1808, wanda gwamnatin gundumar tarayya ta ba shi (25 ga Yuni, 2009).
  • Lambar Zinariya don Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararren Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Jama'a ta Mexico ta bayar (28 ga Yuni, 2009)
  • Kyautar Cervantes 2009
  • Digiri na girmamawa daga Jami'ar Nuevo León mai zaman kanta (Satumba 11, 2009)
  • Bugu da kari, ya samu digirin girmamawa sanadi ta Jami'ar Campeche mai cin gashin kanta (Maris 3, 2010)
  • digiri na girmamawa sanadi ta Jami'ar National Autonomous University of Mexico (Satumba 23, 2010)
  • Alfonso Reyes Award 2011, daga El Colegio de México

Daga cikin shahararrun maganganunsa:

«Na zaɓi zama marubuci kuma a wannan lokacin har yanzu ni ɗan koyo ne

wanda bai san komai na aikinsa ba kuma ga wanda kowane shafi

shine kuma na farko kuma yana iya zama na ƙarshe"

ƙarshe

Mai karatu tun lokacin yaro, tarihin José Emilio Pacheco nasa ne na ƙarni na ƙarshe wanda ya rayu a duniya ta hanyar rediyo. Daga kwanakin jami'a shine asalin abokantakarsa da Carlos Monsiváis, da kuma halartarsa ​​na farko a cikin mujallu daban-daban, wanda Medio Siglo da Estaciones suka fito. A cikin 1958 an buga ƙarar labarun "Jini na Medusa", daga baya a cikin shekaru goma na 60s tarin wakoki "Abubuwan da ke cikin dare", "Sauran wuta" sun bayyana, kuma aikin alama a cikin waƙoƙinsa. Production "Kada ku tambaye ni yadda lokaci ke tashi."

Littafin littafin nan "Za ku mutu mai nisa" ya samo asali ne a cikin wannan shekaru goma, wanda aka ce yana daya daga cikin mafi kyawun ayyukan ba da labari na lokacin. Laƙabi irin su "Za ku tafi kuma ba za ku dawo ba", "tsibirin tsibirai", "Albam na zoology", "Shirun da wata", ko labari mai ban sha'awa "Yaƙe-yaƙe a cikin hamada" da labarun da aka tattara a cikin "The farkon jin daɗi" da "iska mai nisa" ya sa José Emilio Pacheco ba kawai marubucin marubuci ba ne amma ɗaya daga cikin muryoyin da ke nuna halin da ake ciki a Mexico, birnin da ya dogara da lamiri na gama gari na fasinjoji na karni na XNUMX.

Amma ayyukansa sun zarce kan iyakoki na labari da waka, aikin da ya yi na edita, marubuci da makala, da kuma masanin tarihin adabi ya tabbatar da haka. Hakanan ya kamata a ba da haske game da aikin da ya yi a matsayin mai fassara, fuskokin da suka sa José Emilio Pacheco ɗaya daga cikin manyan mashahuran wallafe-wallafen Mexica.

Ayyukan wallafe-wallafen da aka nuna a cikin tarihin José Emilio Pacheco an san su tare da mafi mahimmancin kyaututtuka irin su Javier Villaurrutia Prize, Aguas Calientes Poetry Prize, da kuma lambar yabo ta kasa don wallafe-wallafe da harsuna ko José Asunción Silva Prize ga mafi kyawun littafin wakoki a cikin Mutanen Espanya da aka buga tsakanin 1990 zuwa 1995, don suna kaɗan. Yawancin rayuwarsa an kashe shi a cikin jimla da sadaukarwa marar iyaka ga wallafe-wallafe, don adana ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar Mexica da haɓaka al'adu.

Idan kuna son taƙaitaccen bayanin Biography na Jose Emilio Pacheco Muna gayyatar ku ku kalli bidiyo na gaba:


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