Recycling is important worldwide, knowing what to do with all the waste and waste generated by humans is necessary to be able to classify types of recycling that humans generate.
The recycling process is arduous and productive for the person who carries it out, the reason for this is that in this way the planet is helped to have a cleaner existence and in turn less pollution, the types of recycling are divided into four, namely
Table of Contents
- 1 mechanical recycling
- 2 chemical recycling
- 3 energy recycling
- 4 biological recycling
- 5 Types of recycling according to the material
It is when the material to be recycled is reused and processed in industrial machines, to re-place it as a new product. This type of recycling is used more than anything else in the recycling of plastics, it can be that obtained in urban areas, the material that is left over from industrial processes, whether pure or homogeneous, and it can also be used the plastic that is combined with other waste such as paper, cardboard or metal.
It is an industrial process, its steps are:
- Collect the material.
- Separate it.
- Put it in the mill.
- Once the plastic is ground, wash it.
- Dry it.
- After this we proceed to heat it to high degrees of temperature, so that it becomes liquid and Reusing the plastic.
Although some of its steps are done manually, others are carried out with the help of machines and for this reason it is said to be mechanical recycling.
It is when a material to be recycled undergoes a change in its chemical structure, this can be said to be carried from a solid to a liquid state by means of machines, this process is well known in plastic recycling and aluminum recycling , but more than anything in the Petrochemical Industries, which discard a lot of material that can be reused, for this reason they recycle it in this way.
To carry out this process there are five alternatives:
- Placing the material between layers of aluminum resistant to high temperatures, which, when passing through chemical components, heat up and carry out chemical recycling.
- Using chemicals that accelerate the polymerization process, this would be a good solution to recover the environment.
- With magnetic particles that are capable of breaking down the material to be recycled and turning it into a moldable product.
- heated without the presence of oxygen
- Catalysts that break down the material to be recycled.
The recycling of the material that is used to provide energy is important for any country, since this generates savings in this type of material.
This type of product is usually very expensive, we can find them in the Organic and inorganic garbage, some countries that have the possibilities to carry out these types of recycling, have the best advances in energy matters.
You can also say energy recycling, to the rationing of electrical energy that can be carried out in industries and homes, with a negative point against it is that this type of recycling gives way to atmospheric pollution.
To carry out this process, they burn the materials to be recycled in the open air, this causes the steam and gases that emanate to enter the skin, accelerating the cancer cells.
It is when organic matter decomposes, biological recycling encompasses all types of recycling, all with a single purpose, to remake usable products with material in poor condition.
So it can be said that this type of recycling is based on the use of the components of organic matter for the renewal and reuse of new matter, using different processes.
It should be noted that this can be done with oxygen or without oxygen.
Types of recycling according to the material
Depending on the structure of the material, the selection of the waste or garbage to be recycled is made, this is done to make the process faster and easier, since as is known, not all products that can be recycled are made with the same process.
There are some materials that can be recycled together, while there are others that cannot be recycled in this way.
Some of these products are used for the manufacture of decorations, designs, architectures, material to make art, the materials that can be recycled are:
This product of common use both in mechanics and in industry, as well as in the home, tends to become contaminated only by handling, aluminum shavings, impurities, water, among others, usually fall on it.
To recycle the oil, they only need to know that, it is as if they were washing a piece of clothing in which they must eliminate fats and impurities or stains, for the recycling of the oil it is the same, they must eliminate all kinds of unwanted material that they can observe in it.
To do this they need the help of some materials such as the strainer that can remove impurities or solid materials from it, this can be done manually. To do it mechanically, there are companies that have managed to recycle the oil with chemical products and leave a pure product for its use.
This is very important for what had already been mentioned in energy recycling, appliances play an important role in this type of recycling, since it lowers the costs of new raw materials for their repair or construction.
The most recycled electrical appliances are washing machines, which tend to use it in different ways or also to dismantle its parts, to repair another, like air conditioners and televisions, these products usually have highly toxic substances, which can harm the ecosystem and human health.
In a few words, they have an advanced level of contamination and for this reason their recycling is so important, they should also know that in these products more than anything else, it is necessary to apply the rule of the three Rs, reduce, reuse and recycle.
The recycling of light bulbs is a little more complicated, since these are classified into two types:
The fluorescent can be recycled by emptying the liquid that they contain inside and recharging it with more liquid, on the other hand the incandescent cannot be recycled and must be disposed of in the red containers, as established by the recycling colors.
However, they can give a lot of use to this incandescent type product, there are many people who have taken the initiative not to discard it, rather use it as an ornament, filling them with stones, colored sand or painting them and using them for decoration. of home.
CDs and DVDs
Recycling of CD DVD or Compact disc, is usually done only so that the product that is recycled is used for the manufacture of new CDs, as the market has decreased so much thanks to the fact that at this time music is heard directly from internet platforms, memories removable or USB and previously the music was recorded on CDs to be marketed.
Currently, the recycling of this product is used for the manufacture of video games, this is the product with the most demand in the market and despite the fact that they are made of plastic, when recycling this product, its combination with other similar products should be avoided, since that cannot be mixed at the time of recycling with other plastics such as food products or food containers.
This type of recycling is used to manufacture the same products, its process is to heat and melt the rubber or tire material at high temperature, this causes it to melt and can be emptied into a special mold with the measurements of the rubbers.
Technology today has made tire recycling important, this is because it reduces the costs of imported raw materials in any country.
It depends on the size of the tire to be manufactured and the amount of recycled material that is used, it can also be used for the manufacture of pet clothing.
It is not necessary to discard expired medicines, it is important first to make sure that they have no other use or if they cannot be given to animals, it happens that medicines have an expiration date because quality companies request it and health.
However, many of these, after their expiration date, have up to a year before they are actually expired, causing us to waste medicines.
To recycle them it is necessary that we take them to authorized pharmacists to collect them, the process is very simple, the pharmacist delivers it to the recycler which, with a series of tests, determines if the product is viable to be ingested or used by humans, if not, dispose of the material in a red container of chemical components.
Home or office furniture can be recycled when they are damaged, as they are made of wood and fabric, recycling is usually very easy.
They can also be given to people in need no matter how deteriorated, however if it is not what you want, disassemble the furniture and reuse the wood that is in good condition.
Clothes can also be recycled since they are made with 20% cotton.
Clothing is a human need, but unfortunately clothes wear out and recycling them causes a positive impact on the environment, remember that clothes have fibers from natural products.
Then the clothes can be recycled and with them you can make bags, jewelry, ornaments, etc. It can also be used to make toys for the little ones in the house or to donate them to children in orphanages.
We can also give it new uses, turning them into pillowcases, joining them and turning them into blankets.
They must take into account that recycling clothes greatly reduces the emission of gases that go into the atmosphere, also due to discharge into wastewater.
Paper recycling is very common in companies, due to the amount of documents that originate in it.
Paper, like cardboard, complies with a recycling process in which its layers must be separated with chemicals, in order to be able to manufacture other types of paper, such as toilet paper.
It is also known that yellow envelopes are made by recycling paper and cardboard together. Likewise, recycling this material is widely used by children, since they can paint and make paper boats or airplanes for their recreation.
Plastic recycling is the most important since it takes a long time to decompose, it forms part of 70% of the planet's waste, however its process is not so easy since the plastic melts in machines and it is a fairly length.
The only plastics that can be recycled are:
These materials have different components and when recycling them they cannot do it together, the material to be recycled must be selected. When the plastic melts at high temperatures, it turns into a liquid and thus they can make a new plastic product.
The idea is that the plastic is once again a product that can be used for what it is required for and that in this way does not cause so much pollution.
The recycling of aluminum is important throughout the planet, the same after going through a long polishing process to remove corrosion, they melt it down to make new aluminum parts.
The most recycled aluminum is that of the boats that due to the saltpeter of the ocean oxidizes, by recycling it they can repair the boat or use it for other purposes.
Batteries or cells
Recycling of this product which aims to minimize the amount of chemical and toxic substances that are exposed in the environment, since both the battery and the battery are composed of mercury or other chemical components, which are harmful to human health, it pollutes the soil and the water, that is the reason why the battery or the cell cannot be in any recycling deposit.
There is a container identified with a special color for this type of waste, automotive batteries, as they are made with acid and lead, are recycled by 90% since they can empty the acid and lead that they have and refill the battery with the same component.
However, cell phone batteries cannot be recycled and have a high toxicity content. It should be taken into account that currently no country emphasizes battery recycling, since this does not generate any cost to the state but to the citizen, for For this reason, this type of recycling is not widely practiced.
As in the case of plastic, glass presents a danger to the ecosystem, with a late decomposition process of up to one hundred years, glass complies with certain chemical processes for recycling.
The beverage companies packaged in glass containers have a campaign dedicated to the recycling of bottles, after collecting them, they make them go through a disinfection and purification process, in order to be able to reuse them safely and fill them with the liquids that they contain. companies produce.
Glass can also be recycled and can be used to make countless home decorations. Being a product that can be recycled in its entirety and that does not lose its quality, glass can be melted and used for whatever we want.
Glass must be recycled alone, it cannot be combined with ceramics, glass or other derivatives. If you want to know a little more about it, we invite you to know all the Glass Recycling Process.