Estanislao Zuleta was called the teacher of a generation for the university appreciation that he had earned in addition to having left a legacy that he earned as a Colombian writer, pedagogue and philosopher, and as vice-rector of the Santiago de Cali University in the year 70. Let's get to know to Estanislao Zuleta and his Biography.
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Life of Estanislao Zuleta
To start the article on Estanislao Zuleta and his Biography, we want to do it with his birth, which is registered in the city of Medellin on February 3, 1935, and his passion for letters began with his time at various universities, also cultivating themes of art culture and education in search of a different meaning to the context that I already knew.
However, he was not a man who collected undergraduate or postgraduate degrees or certifications or any other academic training, he did not even complete the high school process, he only reached the fourth year, being 16.
This was due in part to his way of thinking and his rebellion against educational structures and academic institutions. That is to say, all the acquisition of knowledge and education of him was due to self-taught strategies and the only recognition of him as academic titles that he obtained when Del Valle University in 1980 gave him an honorary degree in the specialty of psychology. .
The reason was also for his dedication and effort to the formation of young people and his impetus in strengthening and reinforcing currents of thought. The recognition of him as a leading man in literature could be compared to the Biography of Jose Emilio Pacheco who was also the leader of a generation for his literary brilliance.
[su_note]Estanislao Zuleta and his Biography tell the story that he safely and with a lot of personality and character left his studies at the age of 16 because attending an educational center took away valuable time for reading and learning.[/su_note]
Beginning of ideological formation
He was a classic author of universal literature and stood out for his reading comprehension that positioned him as one of the best lecturers who developed themes by authors of the stature of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Sartre or Sigmund Freud. Thomas Manns was the author of the book called The Magic Mountain that served as inspiration when he decides to interrupt his high school at age 16 as mentioned above. This specific reading marked his life both in literature and in other aspects.
He was in charge of specializing his thought and ideology within the framework of the Freudian current and this gave him a much higher and respected prestige as well as being enriching in the field of critical analysis of literary works.
In his life his foundations rested on readings of Marx with the book Capital and all this study of psychoanalysis occupied an essential stage in his life as a writer and driven by new trends.
[su_note]Always in his stage of academic and professional training, Estanislao Zuleta and his Biography indicated that he tried to stay away from the Leninist conception because he did not agree with this current of thought.[/su_note]
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When he already had some knowledge based on the currents of as that he had specialized in, he devoted himself largely to imparting and sharing them through conferences and student meetings. When it was time for his classes, he did not dictate them in common rooms like the other teachers, but he merits the use of auditoriums or theaters given the number of people in addition to the students of his enrollment who attend them.
I was looking for originality in the training of students
Another reason he argued for leaving educational institutions was that he thought that in these training centers they repeat patterns, guidelines, currents of thought of other authors and deprive students of the idea or opportunity to think for themselves and create new ideologies.
By virtue of this, Estanislao Zuleta and his Biography report that he distrusted and replaced colleges and universities with private reading, making the library his second home, since he spent a full day reading books on his own. Such an action gave him an incomparable brilliance that radiated throughout the auditorium in which hundreds of people gathered to listen to his special way of speaking, so charged with knowledge and history.
His urgent need to transmit knowledge made the students connect with everything he had to impart and share when he spoke, achieving a phenomenal reciprocal participation and admired by many other authors of the time.
In the conferences and meetings with these thousands of people as followers of Estanislao Zuleta, the author evidenced his self-directed education and away from traditional educational institutions, backed by a thought that was always applauded when he left it in the air for interpretation or discussion. He said:
"Education as it currently exists represses thought, transmits data, knowledge, knowledge and results of processes that others thought, but it does not teach or allow thinking. This is why the student acquires a respect for the teacher and the education that comes simply from intimidation.
A string of inconveniences related to politics and interests other than those of Estanislao Zuleta began to take shape in the 70s, when a professor who attended his lectures started a revolt that was not very progressive and quite negative, professing that the attendees at these meetings with Estanislao were people with certain psychological problems.
This premise was supported by the suicide of one of the students of the Faculty of Mines of the Universidad del Valle, in addition to the fact that certain groups attending Estanislao's classes or conferences were observed with rebellious attitudes and alcohol consumers. This was followed by the political hordes and party lines that took part plunging the author's thought and the intention of forming him into oblivion due to the revolutionary heyday manifesting in the region at that time.
These groups of people of all ages who followed Estanislao Zuleta at conferences and meetings were minimizing both the frequency and the attendance because they were already related to the urban guerrilla and according to what they collaborated with the ELN. For this he was threatened and his friends insisted that he protect his life.
Estanislao Zuleta: A complex life
At the beginning, the life and work of Estanislao Zuleta was not so popular nor did he have much recognition, even, there was little material and bibliography with which students could document his thought and ideological current.
[su_note]It was almost in the year 80 when his life began to boom and his published works and literary documents began to be cited and praised, despite the alleged connection and collaboration with guerrilla groups in Colombia. Let us cite part of the works that he cultivated throughout his career.[/su_note]
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- (1963) Comments on the “General Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy
- (1967) Lectures on Latin American Political Economy.
- (1970) Economic history of Colombia.
- (1973) The land in Colombia.
- (1976) Conferences on economic history of Colombia.
- (1977) Comments on the "General Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy" by Karl Marx, Logic and Criticism and Thomas Mann, the magic mountain and the prosaic plain.
- (1978) Freud's theory at the end of his life.
- (1980) Comments on Nietzsche's "Thus Spake Zarathustra" and Tolstoy's Marriage, Death, and Property.
- (1982) On reading. Estanislao Zuleta and Experience and Truth in Freud. Laberintos Magazine, Popayán, Conference at the University of Cauca.
- (1985) Psychoanalytic Thought and On Idealization in Personal and Collective Life and Other Essays.
- (1986) Psychoanalysis and Criminology and Art and Philosophy
- (1987) Essays on Karl Marx.
- (1988) The poetry of Luis Carlos López.
- (1991) Colombia: violence, democracy and human rights.
- (1994) In Praise of Difficulty and Other Essays.
- (1995) Education and democracy.
- (1996) Logic and criticism.
- (2000) In Praise of Difficulty and Other Essays.
- (2001) Media: Art and Philosophy and Don Quixote, a new sense of adventure.
- (2004) Psychoanalysis and criminology, Psychoanalytic thought and Education and democracy.
- (2007) Three rescues and Nietzsche and the ascetic ideal.
- (2008) Estanislao Zuleta. An approach to the thought of him. [/ Su_list]