Biotechnology: What is it?, Types, Applications, and Examples

Learn all about Biotechnology, a technological application that uses biological systems and living organisms to create or modify products. Likewise, we will show you first-hand information that will help you to know how Biotechnology works and the applications that this type of technology has in people's lives.


What is Biotechnology?

Many will wonderwhat is biotechnology? Well, it is very simple since it is a type of technology based on the complex chemical methods that nature possesses, combining the principles of human science, which helps this species in its daily life. In the same way, this has a great level of importance in many areas, being its main implementation source for the manufacture of medicines, as well as the production of food, which are suitable for consumption and that said products do not cause serious damage to health.

Likewise, this term has a somewhat peculiar structure in its name, since the term "Biotechnology" derives from 3 ancient Greek phrases, establishing in its combination a second concept about this great science that saves lives on a daily basis, as well It keeps the environment safe and the human species with the best possible quality of life. This concept describes Biotechnology as a science specialized in the study of the scientific skills of nature, and the effects that these have on human beings for their survival.

Said science can be used to improve or change the genetics of many living beings, with animals and plants being the most affected in this area, since some products are tested on animals and plants, since according to society and health, the testing of chemicals or biochemicals on human beings is totally prohibited. On the other hand, these actions have some restrictions since some animal protection laws condemn any person who, through chemical tests, harms an animal being.

It is important to note that this term was established in 1919 in the book called "Biotechnology in Meat and Dairy Production", which was written by the great Hungarian agricultural engineer named "Károly Ereki", establishing in that writing the first principles of this science, in order to improve the processes involved in the production of meat-based products, such as obtaining milk and its derivatives. These principles are still used today, in addition to having undergone many changes in favor of nature.

In 1992, several countries of the world came together under a consensus for the formation of a special agreement, which is called the "Convention on Biological Diversity", being implemented immediately, to safeguard all the species that make up the environments of our planet. In addition, this agreement was the main basis for the creation of legal frameworks for the protection of animals, and to stop the abuse of industries, which used animal beings in harmful ways to test all their products.

On the other hand, the treaty moderates many actions that involve the modification of the well-known «Deoxyribonucleic Acid», also known as «DNA» in relation to the mixing of animal breeds by chemical means, the cloning of animals or any genetic change, the which implies the combination as the elimination of some section in the DNA composition. Likewise, the use of acids of natural origin such as fusion, of these are also coordinated and supervised by the agreement, so that these processes do not harm the environment.

Currently, the use of this branch of science is common, since with technological advances it has been possible to observe cases of cloning of animals, which did not have any damage that altered their physical, mental or genetic integrity, as well as for the creation of medicines, which are the main solution to diseases that can afflict a human being, returning them to an optimal healthy state. Finally, this science has served for great contributions in favor of nature, being the most recognized known as "Recycling".


It is well known in the scientific society that Biotechnology has a main focus on generating ecological processes in the means of industrial production, and thus be able to gradually eliminate the pollution that has greatly damaged the entire environment, as well as the sector. pharmaceutical and agricultural, benefit from the magnificent methods that this branch of science has for carrying out its production processes. Therefore, the use of these ecological scientific processes serve to improve the biorhythm of the environment and thus be able to cut it.


On the other hand, the use of Biotechnology has served to reduce chemical residues in the environment, which has greatly reduced the impact of pollution, thus helping to restore the beautiful biomes that make up our planet, the which have suffered serious damage from the use of chemical agents that produce pollution and destroy the ozone layer. A clear example of the application of Biotechnology is its use in the production of oils of vegetable origin, which we use in the preparation of various foods.

Biotechnology also has applications to generate sustainable energy and without any impact on biorhythm, as in the genetic state of the environment, the main one being the use of photoelectric cells also known as "Solar Panels", which produce sustainable energy based on in the transformation of solar energy obtained by sunlight into electrical energy. The use of this type of device is in the urban and industrial area, being one of the great and recognized products created by applying the bases of Biotechnology.

Another application of biotechnology is in the agricultural area, which has been used since ancient times by our ancestors, these being the water and windmills, the predecessors of the windmill, which are currently recognized as classic inventions of biotechnology, being used for the production of energy in small towns, as well as to produce food such as flour. Its predecessor has improved its qualities, but its main function is the production of sustainable and ecological energy.

In addition, Biotechnology has helped for the immediate detection of diseases, as well as to prevent them or reduce their degenerative impact, which some diseases have on the organisms of many people around the world, this being an application of this branch of chemical science, as a of the important ones for the fact of helping to promote good health in human beings. However, the use of products created by Biotechnology with pharmaceutical reasons, are supervised since their excessive use can generate harmful addictions.


Types of Biotechnology

This great mixed science has a series of subdivisions that are established depending on the application, which it has within the different areas of the market in general, in addition to making it very clear the various impacts it has on society, such as keeping the same under special canons considered, such as common or normalized quality of life. This division consists of 3 large groups, ranging from biological technology focused on medical processes, to the different ecological techniques implemented in exclusive industry processes.

The first of these groups is known as "Red Biotechnology", also known under the name of "Medical Biotechnology", these bioscientific methods, techniques and processes are mainly focused on improving the production processes of pharmaceutical industry products, as well as same improve the processes carried out in the public health systems of many regions of the world. Its implementation has been one of the best, having many centuries of implementation, and being entered into the term "Biotechnology" in the year 1918.

Its main action in health services has been of great help in the detection of many diseases or doping, which impair the quality of life of many people or cause their death, one of the most emblematic cases of this type of technology, is the use and creation of the renowned «Intravenous Contrasts», whose purpose is to detect cancer through blood and the expansion of said disease. This great biotechnological discovery has been of great help for the early detection of this cruel disease.

Likewise, with this type of natural science it is possible to create medicines, such as “Antibiotics”, “Antiallergics” and even for the creation of medicines known as “Retrovirals”, which are used daily by people with serious diseases of the immunodeficiency, such as AIDS or HIV. In addition, this division of Biotechnology has helped, not only to save the lives of human beings, but also to save the lives of animal beings, which have contracted a disease that worsens the lives of those mentioned above.

Many of these great discoveries of medical biotechnology have been the primary basis in the production of organic immunity vaccines, which are created through the genetic alteration of the virus or bacteria, which generates a specific disease, being possible to have a certain amount of time a high probability rate of not contracting the disease for which we were vaccinated. However, its application cannot be carried out immediately, since, according to the health laws of the world, they must first be studied for their use.

Having a greater level of impact than the aforementioned, there is the renowned «White Biotechnology» or «Industrial Biotechnology«, and as its name dictates, its focus is to establish new optimal biological scientific canons for the production of some type of product, as long as the processes that are implemented do not harm the integrity of industrial workers, such as the quality of the products. It promotes secondary trade, keeping pollution from some industries around the world at bay.

An example of this type of biological technology is the preparation of many alcohols for the production of their derivatives, which go hand in hand with the biotechnology advances in medicine, as in the production of natural foods based on cereals, such as the manufacture of beer, malt-based beverages and other types of food that require alcohol for their production. In the same way, these processes are required for the production of cleaning products, which are used to disinfect surfaces.

Any method under the use of these biological techniques, have lowered the pollution of industrial companies, as well as the use of polluting chemical products that damage not only the environment, but also the health of each and every one of the workers of said establishments. industrial. In addition, these industries are the manufacturers of different gadgets for obtaining sustainable energy, which does not harm the environment in obtaining it, in addition to improving the production of products of the industries.

Likewise, another of the great representatives of Biotechnology focused on the industrial field, it is possible to see it in the production of textile products of natural origin, which, when combined with synthetic elements, it is possible to create fabrics, footwear or any type clothing, high-end with superior resistance and quality that guarantee its end users a unique product, which is exceptional in every way. On the other hand, this type of Biotechnology is one of the main enemies of contaminants, since it destroys them uniformly.

The well-known "Plant Biotechnology" is acclaimed by the scientific community around the world, since it allows the creation of unique food products, using natural means for the crossing of plant species creating new species of unique plants, which can even be of great help to end famine in the world. These plants are known as "Transgenic Plants", which are plants whose organism and genetic component was altered in such a way that it made possible the production of a unique plant of its kind.

Likewise, this is used in the production of products of agricultural origin, improving the obtaining of milk from many animal beings, the main candidates for these techniques being ruminant animals such as cows, sheep, buffaloes, in addition to using these techniques in the production of derivatives of said dairy, which is extremely important in the human diet. On the other hand, its use in the creation of products for crop fumigation, using natural elements, allows many products to be non-toxic.

In addition, these techniques also serve to strengthen plant species, which have a weak organism, placing these plants at a disadvantage against some climatic changes or products of nature, which can impair the useful life of said living being, such as simply killing to the plant, generating a slow agony, which can generate polluting effects in the air. The clear example of this is the use of fungi and mosses that, thanks to their chemical components, it is possible to change the genetics of a plant in a positive way.

On the other hand, the so-called "Marine Biotechnology" which is also known as "Blue Biotechnology", is inspired by the care of the world's aquifers, and allows scientific experiments to be carried out in said environments without altering their natural state. , its main users are marine scientists and all those experts in the natural life of the world's aquatic areas. However, it is important to clarify that this modality of Biotechnology is in an early development process due to its recent discovery.

In addition, the main focus of this type of technology is also inspired by the fact that marine environments, like any type of water spring, remain in an optimal state of health and protect said environments, in order to allow the study of this environment, which it still has areas undiscovered by human beings, these environments being mysterious areas with many scientific and natural qualities. This Biotechnology is cataloged by scientists as a unique medium with a bright future for all humanity.

The following Biotechnology is not well known in the world, but it is widely applied by great scientists who maintain the environment in its original state, being called "Grey Biotechnology", whose main focus is to foresee that the biodiversity of our planet is preserved, in addition to allowing unique means to prevent the extinction of many species of animals. Likewise, it is used to keep these species in good health, eliminating each of the potentially toxic pollutants in the world.

This Biotechnology goes hand in hand with bioremediation, which is the only process used in biotechnological techniques, to promote the health of species vulnerable to contaminants, which for some animals are very harmful in many ways, even for them these products are not natural, a deadly poison that can end the life of these beings of nature in a matter of seconds. Being this branch of Biotechnology, one of the most important for humanity, together with white biotechnology and agricultural biotechnology.

Last but not least, there is Biotechnology focused on educational areas, which is called "Orange Biotechnology", one of the types of Biotechnology that are of the utmost importance to promote this branch of science in youth, thus creating a successor generation that respects the environment and generates medical, technological and even energy advances, without generating environmental damage. It has multiple disciplinary modalities, which work effectively to impart this excellent academic chair.

Its structure is carried out based on the organization of different activities included in the other types of Biotechnology, and promote these in a practical way to stimulate young minds, thus generating integral human beings with a base in respect for the environment, such as in promoting their permanence in the world in a healthy way and that does not go against ethical and moral principles. In addition, it contains a series of strategies in the promotion of human health, and the importance of plants for all humanity.


Bioremediation is one of the biotechnological processes of great importance, being its use mostly applied in gray biotechnology, due to its beneficial impact on the environment, as well as in ways of preserving the animal and plant biodiversity of our planet. It consists in the purification of any environment, thus eliminating any type of contaminating agent, using any type of natural catalyst element, which drains pollution such as toxic agents, which make an environment uninhabitable.

These natural catalysts are mostly fungi, mosses or any microscopic creature with purifying qualities, such as unique catabolic ones to gradually degrade the functions of toxic agents, until these negative environmental impact products are totally eliminated. Likewise, this biotechnological process works in conjunction with special processes, which are established within microbiology and its implementation is extremely simple, and its beneficial effects are easy to perceive in a short time.

A notorious example of this biotechnological technique is the use of carbon in water purification, this being a naturally obtained element, one of the best biological catalysts for any type of contaminant found in water, thus allowing the consumption of the same without contracting any infection or harmful bacteria for the gastrointestinal flora. In addition, any foreign body in the water that is equal to or smaller than a grain of sand is absorbed by the carbon, which rapidly removes all absorbed contaminants.


Bioengineering is the main precursor of Biotechnology, since this recent modality that branches off from traditional engineering, uses biological processes as special chemical processes, being the mother chair of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and the recognized biomedical engineering, being the professionals of this chair people qualified in the effective use of Biotechnology. It has a special origin, focusing on the fundamental bases of the primordial biological sciences, such as knowledge in basic chemistry.

The use of this type of engineering is essential for companies such as crops, since the qualified professional in this specialty can easily determine if the biotechnological techniques that are being implemented meet the necessary qualities to keep the institution where they work standing. . Its application is increasingly on the rise, with the presence of a bioengineer being mandatory, something essential and mandatory within food production industries, to ensure that said instruction does not carry out negative acts that contaminate the environment.

Likewise, knowledge about bioengineering is very helpful, in such a way that they fulfill special functions in solving many diseases, since these, together with professionals in the medical laboratory areas, as in the general medical sections, can discover cures for many diseases that are classified as difficult to cure or incurable, highlighting their importance in society. And finally, these professionals can graduate from two special modalities such as biochemistry and bioinformatics engineering.

Examples of Biotechnology

There are many examples, which highlight the approach of Biotechnology to promote the good condition of natural environments, such as keeping them in an optimal state to be inhabited, as well as carrying out scientific research, which does not harm the environment in a mild, serious and even irreversible way. Clear examples are obtaining energy through water, wind and the use of our planet's biomass, with wind, solar and hydrological energy being the main sources of energy around the world.

Likewise, the production of elements that allow daily processes in the work environment to be carried out quickly and effectively without the use of any device with polluting agents, benefits Biotechnology and the entire world. The production of alcohol and its derivatives, such as wine for human consumption and the purification of special chemicals, for cleaning the human body, are irrevocable examples that Biotechnology has on human beings, helping them in a beneficial way without altering the daily actions of your day to day.

On the other hand, these techniques are used to help many plants to produce more fruits, as well as to give them a better quality of life, being resistant against bacteria or diseases exclusive to plants, which can leave plants without the ability of reproduction or production of fruits such as flowers, such as simply drying the plant to death. Therefore, the agricultural industry constantly uses these special methods and techniques, thus avoiding monetary losses in replenishment of crops and purification of the planted hectares.


Biotechnology has multiple advantages, being one of the most important branches of chemical and traditional science today, given that without it, any industry, planting or manufacturing company of any type of production would cause serious damage to the environment. The first advantage of Biotechnology is the help that this science has in agribusiness, allowing food production to be more optimal and faster, causing less environmental impact, in addition to allowing better health in all types of food of natural origin.

The second advantage is the elimination of pollutants from the environment, such as oil cans in the sea, which are eliminated with the use of mosses and microorganisms that are beneficial for maritime environments, which have high amounts of salt. and other chemical compounds, which allow the accelerated growth of mosses that produce purifying compounds. On the other hand, the other advantage is the use of these techniques to create special products, which are an innovation that changes the life of the human being.


The poor implementation of Biotechnology is extremely harmful since many scientists today have poor objectivity about this branch of biological sciences, since many methods of biotechnology modern biotechnology they have some salubrious contradictions, which can be a risk for human beings, as well as for animal and plant beings. Likewise, it is negative for some workers, since its massive implementation leads to the reduction of personnel, leaving many people without a decent job.

The most negative factor of Biotechnology, are the high costs that it has for its implementation, since large extensions of land must be obtained that have small water springs, as well as the environment, said land has the necessary hectares for the project. to perform, always in compliance with Biotechnology standards. On the other hand, despite increasing the production of different items in a matter of time, the maintenance of these processes involves many materials that are extremely expensive and difficult to obtain.

Increasing in this way, the internal expenses of the company and if they are not treated in time, the bankruptcy of the company can be caused, since, if they do not have sufficient monetary strength, such as capital with a constant flow of economic funds. This disadvantage has generated great problems for the precursors of Biotechnology, causing the involuntary culmination of several positive experiments to improve the quality of life of all human beings, delaying the technological advances necessary to save lives in the world.


Like any branch of science, Biotechnology poses risks to the environment and to health, given that uses of biotechnology excessively, it causes problems in common plant processes, such as their reproduction cycle through pollination and the creation of seeds, which are weakened by effective pollination, weakening the plants, until they are weak against of any toxic agent. In addition, it can harm animal life, in terms of insects, increasing their population or causing their deaths.

On the other hand, if Biotechnology is not implemented objectively, it can generate an overpopulation of plant species due to plant overstimulation, such as making the land where an agricultural project is decided to be totally infertile. In the case of human health, it has different biological agents which have levels of hierarchy, the lowest being without any impact on health, but the biological agents of greater potency are very harmful to health if the elements are not used. necessary and mandatory protection.

Likewise, it is possible that bacteria and toxins transmissible by direct contact are created, which despite having as their main purpose to make a medical advance, if they are not treated effectively, they can become diseases of great magnitude, such as pandemics. that endanger the lives of human beings around the world. It is important to clarify that only professionals who know how to use the biotechnology engineering correctly, they are the only ones capable of implementing this science correctly.

Interested in knowing about the great technologies that Robotics Technology brings, if so, I have come to the right place, we cordially invite you to stop by and read our article: robotic technology.

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